Lost and Found – December 4th Edition

What to remember about December 4th…

  • 1780  Patriot dragoons use fake cannon to bluff British troops into surrender near Camden, South Carolina
  • 1783  At a tavern in New York, General George Washington informs his officers that he is returning to civilian life
  • 1872  After leaving New York a month before, British ship Mary Celeste is found abandoned at sea and under full sail
  • 1912  Marine pilot, POW, and Medal of Honor winner Gregory “Pappy” Boyington is born in Coeur d’Alene, Idaho (d. 1988); commander of famous “Black Sheep Squadron” in Pacific
  • 1917  Psychiatrist W.H. Rivers publishes report on psychological trauma of WWI troops; “shell shock” is the name given to what is now known at PTSD or post-traumatic stress disorder
  • 1918  Woodrow Wilson sets sail for Europe; 1st President to visit the continent while still in office
  • 1942  Polish Christians form Zegota resistance group to aid Jews avoid or escape the Nazi’s “final solution”
  • 1945  Senate votes to allow U.S. participation in the United Nations
  • 1966  Viet Cong infiltrate defenses and shell Tan Son Nhut airport for over an hour damaging U.S. aircraft
  • 1980  After the death of drummer John Bonham, legendary rock band Led Zeppelin announces they have disbanded
  • 1992  President George H.W. bush orders U.S. troops to Somalia to secure humanitarian efforts during ongoing civil war
  • 2009  American student Amanda Knox is convicted by Italian Jury in murder of her British roommate; conviction overturned 2011

Led Zeppelin album cover

Lost and Found – December 3rd Edition

What to remember about December 3rd…

    • 1818  Illinois is admitted to the Union as 21st state
    • 1833  Oberlin College opens in Ohio; 1st co-ed college in America
    • 1964  Over 800 students arrested at sit-in of University of California at Berkley; protest of Regents new no protest policy
    • 1967  In South Africa, 1st human heart transplant is performed
    • 1973  NASA’s Pioneer 10 probe sends back 1st ever close-up images of Jupiter
    • 1984  Explosion at Union Carbide pesticide plant in Bhopal, India kills at least 2000; 200,000 injured by release of poison gas
    • 1997  Over 120 countries sign the Ottawa Treaty banning manufacturing and use of anti-personnel landmines
    • 2010  U.S. Air Force X-37 unmanned Orbital Test Vehicle returns to Earth after 7-and-a-half month secret mission

Lost and Found – December 2nd Edition

What to remember about December 2nd…

  • 1777  Philadelphia nurse and housewife Lydia Darragh overhears British plans for surprise attack on General Washington’s forces; pretending to need flower, she slips out and passes a warning to Colonials
  • 1823  Monroe Doctrine becomes new U.S. foreign policy when unveiled at President’s annual address to Congress
  • 1845  President Polk reasserts Monroe doctrine announcing aggressive westward expansion as part of America’s “manifest destiny”
  • 1942  Enrico Fermi experiment produces 1st nuclear chain reaction; “atomic pile” was built and tested in a basement at University of Chicago
  • 1954  U.S. Senate votes to condemn Joseph R. McCarthy for “conduct that tends to bring the Senate into dishonor and disrepute”.
  • 1970  At the direction of President Nixon and with approval of Congress, Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) begins operations
  • 1976  Communist dictator Fidel Castro is becomes President of Cuba
  • 2001  Energy-trading corporation Enron files bankruptcy after fraud and mismanagement can no longer be concealed
  • 2015  Married Islamist terrorists Syed Rizwan Farook and Tashfeen Malik kill 14 and wound 22 in attack on office Christmas party in San Bernadino County, California

 Lydia Darragh meets George Washington

Lost and Found – December 1st Edition

What to remember about December 1st…

  • 1824  Because no candidate received a majority of electoral votes, Congress determines that John Quincy Adams will become 6th President of the United States
  • 1913  Ford Motor Company installs the 1st moving assembly line; manufacturing time for Model T cars goes from 12 hours to just 2-and-a-half
  • 1941  Civil Air Patrol (United States Air Force Auxiliary) is formed by Administrative Order 9
  • 1955  Rosa Parks refuses to give up her bus seat to a white man violating Alabama segregation laws; her arrest sparks outrage and bus boycott
  • 1959  12 nations sign Antarctica Treaty banning military activity on the continent
  • 1969  U.S. holds 1st draft lottery since WWII
  • 1981  Centers for Disease Control officially recognizes AIDS as a disease; at that time known as GRID (Gay-Related Immune Deficiency
  • 1988  1st Annual World AIDS Day is observed; held every December 1st
  • 1990  Workers break through and connect 2 tunnels under the English Channel; 4 years later the “Chunnel” will connect France and England by rail

Lost and Found – November 30th Edition

What to remember about November 30th…

    • 1804   Signer of the Declaration of Independence Samuel Chase is 1st and only Supreme Court Justice to be impeached; acquitted of all charges in 1805
    • 1835  American author and humorist Samuel “Mark Twain” Clemens is born in Florida, Missouri (d. 1910)
    • 1864  Assault by General Hood’s Army of Tennessee at Battle of Franklin leave Confederates with disastrous losses
    • 1874  Nobel laureate and British WWII Prime Minister Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill is born (d. 1965)
    • 1947  Civil War breaks out in British controlled Palestine with escalating Arab attacks on Jewish settlers, Brittain prepares to withdraw
    • 1954  In Sylacauga, Alabama a sleeping woman is struck by the Hodges Meteorite; only documented case of human hit by object from space
    • 1993  President Clinton signs Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Bill into law
    • 2001  Green River Killer is arrested in Reston, Washington; Gary Ridgeway believed to have murdered more than 70 women

Lost and Found – November 29th Edition

What to remember about November 29th…

    • 1775  Continental Congress establishes Committee of Secret Correspondence to elicit aid from European nations
    • 1864  Aspiring Colorado politician John Chivington leads militia band in massacre of Native Americans at Sand Creek
    • 1929  American explorer Admiral Richard Byrd and 3 companions make 1st flight over the South Pole
    • 1947  United Nations approves the partition of Palestine and creation of Israel, an independent Jewish State
    • 1963  President Johnson appoints Warren Commission to investigate the assassination of President Kennedy
    • 1972  Atari Corporation announces the release of Pong; 1st commercially successful video game
    • 1981  Actress Natalie Wood drowns in controversial boating accident off Catalina Island, California (b. 1938)
    • 1990  United Nations passes resolution requiring Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait by January 15, 1991 or face “all means necessary” for their removal by allied nations
    • 2004  Godzilla receives star on Hollywood Walk of Fame

Lost and Found – November 28th Edition

What to remember about November 28th…

    • 1777  John Adams is appointed commissioner to France by Continental Congress
    • 1785  Signer of the Declaration of Independence for New Hampshire, William Whipple dies riding circuit as a judge (b. 1730)
    • 1925  Country and western music goes national with 1st radio broadcast of the Grand Ole Opry
    • 1943  President Franklin Roosevelt, Prime Minister Churchill, and Soviet leader Joseph Stalin meet at Teheran Conference
    • 1964  NASA launches Mariner IV spacecraft to perform 1st successful flyby of the planet Mars
    • 1987  New York teenager Tawana Brawley falsely claims she was kidnapped, held for 4 days, and raped by 4 whites, 1 a policeman
    • 1994  Cannibal and serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer is beaten to death by a fellow inmate claiming God told him to do it
    • 2002  Palestinian terrorists detonate suicide bomb targeting hotel for Israeli tourists; 13 killed and 80 injured
    • 2010  Canadian-born American comedian and actor Leslie Nielson dies of pneumonia in Florida (b. 1926)

Lost and Found – November 27th Edition

What to remember about November 27th…

    • 1746  American founding father Robert R. “R.R.” Livingston is born in New York; negotiator of Louisiana Purchase (d. 1813)
    • 1863  Confederate cavalry raider John Hunt Morgan breaks out of Ohio state prison and escapes to the South
    • 1924  1st Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade is held in New York City
    • 1940  Martial-arts expert and actor Bruce Lee is born in San Francisco, California (d. 1973)
    • 1942  American guitarist Jimi Hendrix is born in Seattle, Washington (d. 1970)
    • 1942  French Admiral Jean de Laborde orders French fleet scuttled in Toulon harbor in order to keep it out of German hands
    • 1945 After almost 4 years in prison for perjury, suspected Soviet spy Alger Hiss is released
    • 1978  Angry over the loss of his job, Dan White murders San Francisco Mayor George Moscone and Supervisor Harvey Milk

Lost and Found – November 26th Edition

What to remember about November 26th…

    • 1776  Peyton Randolph, 1st president of the Continental Congress, is laid to rest at College of William and Mary
    • 1863  1st annual Thanksgiving Day is celebrated; established by President Lincoln’s Proclamation of Thanksgiving
    • 1922 British archaeologists Howard Carter and Lord Carnarvon are first to enter Tutankhamen’s tomb in Egypt’s Valley of the Kings in over 3000 years
    • 1942  Oscar-winning World War II film Casablanca opens in New York City; stars Humphrey Bogart and Ingrid Bergman
    • 1950  Hundreds of thousands of Chinese troops counter-attack in support of North Korean allies; Korean War enters new phase
    • 1968  Instead of returning after his last mission, Air Force helicopter pilot James P. Fleming diverts and rescues Army Green Berets pinned down by heavy fire; his actions are later recognized with the presentation of the Medal of Honor
    • 1998  Wrestling star Hulk Hogan announces he is retiring and will run for President in 2000; later revealed as publicity stunt
    • 2008  Pakistani Islamist terrorists launch 10 coordinated bombings and shootings in Mumbai, India; 164 killed and 300 wounded

king-tut-death-mask

Lost and Found – November 25th Edition

What to remember about November 25th…

    • 1783  3 months after the signing of the Treaty of Paris, the last British troops withdraw from New York
    • 1863  Union troops crush Rebels at Battle of Missionary Ridge; Confederates forced to withdraw from Chattanooga, Tennessee
    • 1864  Confederate “Copperhead” sympathizers start over 20 fires in attempt to burn down New York City
    • 1947  After being cited for contempt of Congress, the “Hollywood 10” are blacklisted by the major studios
    • 1963  Johnson proclamation declares a day of national mourning as President Kennedy is buried in Arlington Cemetary
    • 1985  Former National Security Agency (NSA) employee Ronald W. Pelton is arrested for attempting to sell secrets to the Soviets
    • 1986  Attorney General Edwin Meese reveals that profits from arms sales to Iran used to supply arms to Nicaraguan Contra rebels
    • 1999  International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women established by the United Nations
    • 2002  President Bush signs bill creating Department of Homeland Security
    • UPDATE:  2016  Murderous communist dictator Fidel Castro dies in Havana, Cuba (b. 1926); celebrations break out in communities of Cuban exiles and refugees – especially in Miami, Florida