Tag Archives: history

Lost and Found – April 25th Edition

What to remember about April 25th…

  • 1846  70 U.S. cavalry troops encounter 2,000 Mexican troops that had crossed the Rio Grane into Texas; skirmish leads to Mexican-American War
  • 1859  Ground is broken for the Suez Canal; beginning at Port Said, Egypt is stretches 101 miles east to connect Mediterranean Sea to Red Sea
  • 1862  Union Admiral David Farragut demands surrender of Confederate city of New Orleans after fleet defeats forts protecting the city
  • 1915  British, French, Australian and New Zealander troops land on Gallipoli Peninsula; well prepared Turkish troops prevent Allies from advancing
  • 1939  DC Comics Batman character makes his premier appearance in Detective Comics issue #27
  • 1945  American and Soviet forces link up near Torgau; Germany now cut in two by advancing Allied forces
  • 1947  President Truman officially opens the 1st bowling alley installed in the White House
  • 1953  Francis Crick and James D. Watson publish paper describing the double helix structure of DNA; celebrated as “DNA Day”
  • 1960  U.S. Navy submarine USS Triton completes the first submerged circumnavigation of the globe
  • 1964  President Lyndon Johnson appoints controversial figure General William Westmoreland as Commander of U.S. forces in Vietnam
  • 1982  In compliance with the Camp David Accords, Israel completes its withdrawal from the Sinai peninsula
  • 1992  Radical Islamic Taliban forces take control of Kabul, Afghanistan after Soviet withdrawal and collapse of communist government
  • 2011  At least 300 killed in massive tornado outbreak across southern United States

Lost and Found – April 24th Edition

What to remember about April 24th…

  • 1781  British General Benedict Arnold leads attack on Virginia militia near Petersburg; traitor Arnold was once an American General
  • 1800  President John Adams signs legislation to appropriate $5,000 for books to establish Library of Congress
  • 1863  Union Army issues 1st code of battlefield conduct in the modern era; later used as basis for Geneva Convention
  • 1918  British Mark IV and German A7V tanks clash at Villers-Bretonneux, France; 1st armor battle in history
  • 1945  President Truman is briefed on the Manhattan Project and details of projects to develop an atomic bomb
  • 1955  Afro-Asian Conference held in Bandung, Indonesia; 29 non-aligned nations including China and India declare they will take no side in cold war; refuse to take a stand against communism and totalitarianism
  • 1967  Soviet Soyuz 1 crashes when parachute fails to open; Cosmonaut Vladimir Komarov is 1st human to die during a space mission
  • 1980  Operation Eagle Claw ends in disaster and deaths of 8 servicemen; hostages remain in hands of Iranian captors
  • 1990  On mission STS-31, Space Shuttle Discovery launches Hubble Space Telescope into orbit; initial flaws later repaired during other shuttle missions
  • 2005  Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger of Germany is inaugurated as Pope Benedict XVI; 265th Pope of the Roman Catholic Church

Lost and Found – April 23rd Edition

What to remember about April 23rd…

  • 1564  English poet and dramatist William Shakespeare is born in Stratford-on-Avon (traditional); dies on same date in 1616
  • 1778  John Paul Jones leads 30 volunteers from USS Ranger on raid of British port of Whitehaven, England; fire consumes the town in only American raid on British soil during the revolution
  • 1791  Future 15th President James Buchanan is born in Cove Gap near Mercersburg, Pennsylvania (d. 1868)
  • 1872  In Washington, D.C., Charlotte E. Ray becomes 1st African-American female lawyer admitted to the Bar
  • 1969  Palestinian immigrant Sirhan Sirhan is sentenced to death after conviction in the assassination of politician Robert F. Kennedy
  • 1985  Coca-Cola changes formula and releases New Coke; product changed back less than 3 months later after overwhelming negative response
  • 1998  Convicted assassin of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. dies in prison; James Earl Ray had confessed to the crime and then recanted
  • 2005  “Me at the zoo” is 1st video ever uploaded to YouTube

Lost and Found – April 22nd Edition

What to remember about April 22nd…

Earth Day Celebrated (United States)

  • 1861  Robert E. Lee is named commander of Confederate forces in Virginia
  • 1863  Union cavalry led by Colonel Benjamin Grierson begin daring two-week raid through central Mississippi
  • 1890  At high noon the Great Land Rush begins in Oklahoma with nearly 50,000 people hoping to grab their own parcel of land
  • 1915  German forces launch unprecedented chemical artillery attack near Ypres, France; chlorine gas devastates allied forces
  • 1948  Jewish Haganah forces win Battle of Haifa; 30-hour battle gives them control of port city and vital supply line to the West
  • 1954  Senator Joseph McCarthy begins hearings investigating the United States Army and their supposed “soft” stance on communism
  • 1970  Earth Day celebrated for 1st time in United States
  • 1978  Blues Brothers make their television debut on Saturday Night Live; Dan Aykroyd and John Belushi bring blues back into style
  • 1994  Former 37th President of the United States Richard Nixon dies after suffering a stroke (b. 1913)
  • 2000  Six-year-old Elián González is seized from his relatives’ home in Miami, Florida by federal agents; boy is sent to Cuba to live with his father
  • 2008  U.S. Air Force retires its fleet of F-117 Nighthawk stealth fighters; replaced by F-22 Raptor and upcoming F-35 Lightning II

Lost and Found – April 21st Edition

What to remember about April 21st…

  • 753 B.C.  Twin brothers Romulus and Remus found Rome (traditional)
  • 1836  Sam Houston leads Texas militia in surprise attack on Mexican troops along San Jacinto River capturing General Santa Anna himself
  • 1838  Scottish naturalist and conservationist John Muir is born (d. 1914); co-founder of the Sierra Club
  • 1865  Funeral train bearing Abraham Lincoln departs Washington, D.C.
  • 1910  American author and humorist Samuel “Mark Twain” Clemens dies as predicted at the departure of Halley’s Comet (b. 1835)
  • 1918  Notorious German flying ace Manfred von Richthofen is shot down and killed; 25-year-old “Red Baron” had shot down 80 enemy aircraft
  • 1975  Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu resigns as communist forces approach the capital; he then flees the country
  • 1986  Journalist Geraldo Rivera opens vault belonging to notorious mobster Al Capone; after much build up and self promotion, nothing is found
  • 1989  100,000 Chinese students gather in Tiananmen Square to protest oppressive communist government
  • 1996  Dzhokhar Musayevich Dudaev, 1st President of newly independent Chechen Republic, is assassinated by 2 Russian laser-guided missiles when recon aircraft triangulate his phone call (b. 1944)
  • 2004  Grand jury indicts pop singer Michael Jackson on charges of child molestation

Lost and Found – April 20th Edition

What to remember about April 20th…

  • 1775  Following battles at Lexington and Concord, British troops begin siege of Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1861  Colonel Robert E. Lee resigns from the U.S. army after his home state of Virginia secedes; refuses offer of command of the Union army
  • 1871  Congress authorizes President Ulysses S. Grant to declare martial law and use military force to suppress the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) and other terrorist groups with passage of the Third Force Act
  • 1889  Murderous, national-socialist dictator Adolf Hitler is born in Austria (d. 1945)
  • 1898  President William McKinley asks Congress for declaration of war against Spain; U.S. to aid rebels in Cuba and Puerto Rico
  • 1916  Chicago Cubs defeat Cincinnati Reds 7-6 in 1st game played at Weeghman Park; renamed Wrigley Field in 1918
  • 1980  Castro announces that Cubans who wish to emigrate to America are free to find passage; Mariel Boatlift will carry 125,000 refugees
  • 1999  Teenage gunmen Dylan Klebold and Eric Harris kill 13 people in a shooting spree at Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado
  • 2008  26-year-old Danica Patrick becomes 1st woman to win an Indy race with victory at Japan 300
  • 2010  British Petroleum’s Deepwater Horizon oil platform explodes in Gulf of Mexico causing oil spill that lasts 6-months

Warbirds – A-6 Intruder

Today I’m feeling the love for the ugliest plane in the U.S. Navy, the A-6 Intruder.  This all-weather carrier based ground-attack aircraft has been lovingly nicknamed “Double Ugly”, “Drumstick”, and even “Iron Tadpole”.  The unique side-by-side crew configuration led to the rounded and big-nosed aspect of this hard-working plane.

Developed to not only to replace the aging propeller-driven AD- 6/7 Skyraider, she was designed for “over-the-shoulder” launching of nuclear weapons.  Never used for the latter role, variants of the Intruder have served the Navy and Marine Corps from 1963 to the present day.

The sturdy airframe and advanced suite of electronics allowed the Intruder to provide close air support for ground troops in Vietnam even through the blinding cloud cover and torrential rains of the monsoon season.  The first loss of an A-6 to combat occurred in 1965 with both crew surviving.  Of the 84 lost during the war, only 2 were shot down in air-to-air combat.  Intruders saw combat later in Lebanon, Desert Storm, Somalia, and Bosnia before they were retired.

In 1991 Congress cancelled the planned A-12 Avenger II replacement for the aging Intruders.  Avionics and electronics upgrades allowed them to remain operational through 1997 until sufficient LANTIRN-equiped F-14 Tomcats and F/A-18E/F Super Hornets came into service.  The specialized EA-6B, known as the Prowler, still remains in service however.  With it’s stretched airframe, fully integrated electronic warfare systems, and four-man crew, the EA-6B Prowler proudly honored its Intruder heritage with service in Iraq and ongoing roles in Afghanistan.

Feel free to learn more by visiting the Intruder Association website for more history, technical information, and trivia.

P.S. – Don’t forget the Stephen Coonts novel Flight of the Intruder or the film of the same name starring Danny Glover and Willem DaFoe.  Both are available at Amazon.com .

Lost and Found – April 19th Edition

What to remember about April 19th…

  • 1721 Patriot Roger Sherman is born (d. 1793); only person to sign all four great state papers of the U.S.: Continental Association, Declaration of Independence, Articles of Confederation, and Constitution
  • 1775  American Revolution begins when British troops engage armed minutemen at Lexington, Massachusetts; “shot heard around the world”
  • 1861  Confederate sympathizers in Baltimore hurl rocks and trash at Union troops moving to reinforce Washington, D.C.; 16 killed in clashes
  • 1897  On Patriots’ Day, Boston Marathon is held for 1st time; 15 runners start but only 10 finnish;  best time 2:55:10
  • 1943  2000 SS troops assault Warsaw Ghetto to end Jewish resistance of forced deportations to death camps; by May 56,000 Jews dead
  • 1971  Vietnam Veterans Against the War begin 5 days of demonstrations in Washington, D.C.
  • 1971  Soviet Union launches Salyut 1, worlds 1st space station
  • 1989  Jogger is beaten and raped in New York’s Central Park; 5 black youths falsely charged and imprisoned; convicted murderer confesses in 2002
  • 1993  51-day standoff with Branch Davidian cult near Waco, Texas ends in fire and 80 deaths when federal agents attack with tear gas
  • 1995  Massive truck bomb set off outside the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma by Timothy McVeigh; 168 killed
  • 2011  Cuban dictator Fidel Castro resigns as head of Communist Party central committee; his brother Raul selected as successor
  • UPDATE:  2013  Manhunt for second Boston Marathon Bombing suspect is cornered hiding in a boat. When captured, Miranda withheld for “public safety”.

Lost and Found – April 18th Edition

What to remember about April 18th…

  • 1521  Martin Luther defies Holy Roman Emperor Charles V by refusing to recant his writings during his trial for heresy
  • 1775  British troops march out of Boston to confiscate the American arsenal at Concord and to capture Patriot leaders at Lexington; Patriots Paul Revere and William Dawes set out on horseback from the city to warn Samuel Adams and John Hancock
  • 1864  Confederate troops overwhelm Union supply train guarded by all black 1st Kansas Infantry; no black soldier left alive by rebel troops
  • 1906  At 5:13 a.m., an 8.0 earthquake strikes San Francisco, California; 3000 will die in from subsequent fires and 30,000 buildings lost
  • 1912  705 survivors of lost RMS Titanic arrive back in New York
  • 1923  Yankee Stadium opens in New York City; the “house that Ruth built” will be home to the team until 2008
  • 1942  Lieutenant Colonel James “Jimmy” Doolittle leads raid 1st ever raid of Japanese mainland; 16 B-25 Mitchell bombers launched secretly from aircraft carrier USS Hornet; all bombers lost afterwards and 3 crew killed
  • 1945  Pulitzer Prize winning American war correspondent Ernie Pyle is killed by Japanese machine gun fire on Le Shima, Okinawa in the Pacific (b. 1900)
  • 1955  While preparing speech to celebrate 7th anniversary of State of Israel, German-American physicist Albert Einstein dies (b. 1879)
  • 1961  President Kennedy denies U.S. involvement in failed Bay of Pigs invasion of communist Cuba
  • 1983  Muslim homicide bomber kills 63 in attack on U.S. embassy in Beirut, Lebanon; pro-Iranian Islamic Jihad branch of Hezbollah responsible
  • 1988  In response to Iranian mining of Persian Gulf and damage to USS Roberts, U.S. Navy begins Operation Praying Mantis as retaliation
  • 2007  Supreme Court of the United States upholds Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2003 in Gonzales v. Carhart

Lost and Found – April 17th Edition

What to remember about April 17th…

  • 1790  American patriot and Founding Father Benjamin Franklin dies in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (b. 1706)
  • 1820  Father of modern baseball Alexander Joy Cartwright, Jr. is born (d. 1892); inventor of baseball “diamond” and author of Knickerbocker Rules
  • 1897  In Aurora, Texas an unidentified flying object supposedly crashes leaving “pilot” dead; supposedly buried in local cemetery
  • 1941  11 days after invasion of Kingdom of Yugoslavia, leaders sign armistice and surrender to Germany
  • 1961  CIA financed and trained Cuban refugees land on Cuba to overthrow Castro and oppressive communist regime; Bay of Pigs attack fails
  • 1964  Ford Mustang  debuts at World’s Fair in New York
  • 1968  Jordanian Sirhan Bishara Sirhan convicted for the assassination of United States Senator Robert F. Kennedy
  • 1970  Apollo 13 spacecraft returns safely to Earth 4 days after explosion cripples the ship and forces mission to be aborted
  • 1975  Troops of communist Khmer Rouge capture Phnom Penh; Cambodia falls to insurgents; 2 million will die in killing fields
  • 2012  Retiring space shuttle Discovery is flown on the back of converted 747 to join Smithsonian Air and Space Museum to become an exhibit