Tag Archives: history

Lost and Found – September 5th Edition

What to remember about September 5th…

  • 1774  Continental Congress meets for the 1st time; begins work on Declaration of Rights and Grievances
  • 1836  After leading fight for independence from Mexico, Sam Houston is elected 1st president of Republic of Texas
  • 1847  Infamous outlaw Jesse James is born in Missouri (d. 1882)
  • 1882  1st big Labor Day observance in America; event organized by the Central Labor Union of New York
  • 1942  Japanese forces forced to retreat from their attack on Milne Bay; 1st decisive defeat of the war for Japanese military
  • 1960 Cassius Clay (later Muhammad Ali) wins Olympic gold medal as light-heavyweight boxer
  • 1972  Palestinian Muslim terrorists attack Olympic Village in Munich; 2 Israeli athletes killed and 9 taken hostage; remaining hostages will be murdered during rescue attempt
  • 1975  Charles Manson follower Lynette “Squeaky” Fromme attempts to assassinate President Gerald Ford
  • 1977  NASA launches Voyager space probe on a “grand tour” of our outer solar system
  • 1997  Nobel laureate and Catholic nun Mother Teresa dies in Calcutta, India (b. 1910 as Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu)

Lost and Found – September 4th Edition

What to remember about September 4th…

  • 1864  Confederate cavalry raider Colonel John Hunt Morgan dies during Union attack
  • 1886  Apache chief Geronimo surrenders to U.S. forces; end of the Indian Wars in the Southwest
  • 1923  America’s 1st Navy rigid airship, USS Shenandoah, begins her maiden voyage
  • 1940  Submarine U-652 fires on USS Greer near Iceland; 1st hostilities by Germany against the United States
  • 1957  Democrat Governor Orval Faubus of Arkansas orders National Guard troops to prevent desegregation of Little Rock public schools
  • 1957  Ford’s Edsel arrives in showrooms across America;
  • 1972  In Berlin, American swimmer Mark Spitz wins record 7th gold medal at a single Olympic Games
  • 1998  Stanford University students Larry Page and Sergey Brin found Google
  • 2002  Kelly Clarkson wins the 1st American Idol competition
  • 2006  Australian wildlife expert and conservationist Stephen Robert “Crocodile Hunter Steve” Irwin dies in diving accident

Lost and Found – September 3rd Edition

What to remember about September 3rd…

  • 1777  The “Stars and Stripes” American flag was flown in battle for the very 1st time; skirmish at Cooch’s Bridge, Delaware
  • 1783  American Revolution officially comes to an end as the United States, Great Britain, Spain and France sign the Treaty of Paris
  • 1838  Abolitionist Frederick Douglas successfully escapes from slavery by boarding train to Maryland while dressed as a sailor
  • 1861  Forces under Confederate General Polk invade Kentucky causing  state legislature to request Union assistance
  • 1919  President Wilson begins 8000-mile train tour across the nation to promote American membership in the League of Nations
  • 1925  1st U.S. Navy airship USS Shenandoah (ZR-1) crashes in storm over Caldwell,Ohio; 14 crew killed
  • 1939  Australia, France, Great Britain, and New Zealand declare war on Germany following invasion of Poland; naval blockade of Germany begins that will last through the war
  • 1944  Anne Frank and her family are put on a transport from Westerbork to the Auschwitz concentration camp
  • 1970  American football coach Vincent Thomas “Vince” Lombardi dies of cancer
  • 1976  Viking 2 Lander successfully arrives on the surface of Mars
  • 2004  Beslan school hostage crisis ends on day 3 with the deaths of over 300, more than half are children

Lost and Found – September 2nd Edition

What to remember about September 2nd…

  • 1666  London’s Great Fire breaks out; three-quarters of the city destroyed and 100,000 left homeless
  • 1775  George Washington hires the schooner Hannah to be the 1st armed American warship, founding vessel of the U.S. Navy
  • 1789  Congress establishes the United States Treasury Department to restore the economy post-war
  • 1862  After disaster at second Battle of Bull Run, Lincoln reluctantly puts McClellan in charge of Union forces
  • 1864  Union forces Atlanta after yesterday’s withdrawal of Confederate forces
  • 1885  In Rock Springs, Wyoming, striking miners attempting to unionize riot and kill 28 Chinese laborers and chase away hundreds more
  • 1901  “Speak softly and carry a big stick”; Theodore Roosevelt used the slogan for the 1st time at the Minnesota State Fair
  • 1945  V-J Day; Japan formally surrenders to the Allies at ceremony aboard battleship USS Missouri
  • 1969  Worlds 1st ATM debuts at Chemical Bank in New York
  • 1973  J.R.R. Tolkien dies in Bournemouth, England; author of The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings trilogy
  • 2011  UN issues report finding Israel acted legitimately when it enforced its blockade of Gaza against flotilla of activists

Time Magazine cover VJ Day

Lost and Found – September 1st Edition

What to remember about September 1st…

  • 1775  Representatives of the Continental Congress Richard Penn and Arthur Lee present the Olive Branch Petition; King George III refuses reconciliation with the rebellious colonies
  • 1807  Former vice president Aaron Burr is acquitted of treason charges because there was no “overt act” to overthrow the government
  • 1838  American explorer and soldier William Clark dies in St. Louis while serving as Superintendent of Indian Affairs
  • 1864  Siege of Atlanta ends as Confederates withdraw from the city
  • 1914  Last known passenger pigeon dies in Cincinnati Zoo
  • 1939  Over 1 million German troops invade Poland
  • 1969  27-year-old Libyan army captain Muammar al-Qaddafi leads successful military coup against King Idris I of Libya
  • 1974  SR-71 “Blackbird” sets record for flying from New York to London; distance 3,508 miles at 1,435 mph and elapsed time of 1 hour 54 minutes and 56.4 seconds
  • 1982  United States Air Force Space Command is founded
  • 1983  Soviet fighters shoot down Korean Airlines jet travelling from U.S. killing all 269 aboard, Cold War tensions heighten
  • 1985  73 years after ship sank, wreck of the RMS Titanic is located
  • 2004  Islamic terrorists seize 1100 hostages at a school in Beslan, North Osetia, Russia; among the 334 killed are 186 children

Lost and Found – August 31st Edition

What to remember about August 31st…

  • 1864  General Sherman’s 4-month campaign is complete; victory at Battle of Jonesboro leads to Union capture of Atlanta
  • 1886  Devastating 7.6 magnitude earthquake strikes near Charleston, South Carolina killing over 100
  • 1888  1st victim of “Jack the Ripper” is murdered in London
  • 1935  President Franklin Roosevelt signs Neutrality Act to avoid becoming entangled in emerging european conflict
  • 1939  Nazis stage fake attack on Polish radio station; Germans use this incident as an excuse to invade the following day
  • 1943  USS Harmon (DE-678) is commissioned; 1st U.S. warship named for an African-American; Leonard Roy Harmon posthumously received the Navy Cross for his actions at Guadalcanal in 1942
  • 1985  Serial Killer Richard “Night Stalker” Ramirez is seen and beaten by a crowd in Los Angeles before police arrest him
  • 1992  Randy Weaver surrenders; siege at Ruby Ridge ends
  • 1997  Lady Diana, Princess of Wales and boyfriend Dodi Fayed die in high-speed car crash in Paris

Lost and Found – August 30th Edition

What to remember about August 30th…

  • 1780  Benedict Arnold sends letter to General Clinton agreeing to terms; for £20,000 Arnold would betray his country and deliver West Point and the Hudson to the British
  • 1862  Rebels rout Union forces at Battle of Richmond
  • 1918  Soviet leader Vladimir Lenin shot by Fanya Kaplan but survives; millions will die in the years to follow in pogroms and gulags
  • 1963  “Hotline” is established between Soviet Union and United States to allow crisis communication between their leaders
  • 1967  Thurgood Marshall is confirmed as 1st African-American Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court
  • 1983  On space shuttle Challenger, Lieutenant Colonel Guion S. Bluford (USAF) becomes 1st African-American in space
  • 2003 American tough-guy actor Charles Bronson dies in L.A. (b. 1921)
  • 2005  Following Hurricane Katrina, Lake Ponchartrain levees break causing widespread flooding in New Orleans

Lost and Found – August 29th Edition

What to remember about August 29th…

  • 1862  After days of maneuvering the 2nd Battle of Bull Run begins; Confederates win a path to invade the north
  • 1945  President Truman orders the U.S. Navy to seize control of oil refineries and transportation to break strike by union workers
  • 1949  Soviet Union successfully detonates its 1st atomic bomb at test site in Kazakhstan
  • 1958  Pop musician, songwriter Michael Jackson is born in Gary, Indiana (d. 2009)
  • 1966  At Candlestick Park in San Francisco, the Beatles perform for the last time before a paying crowd
  • 2005  Hurricane Katrina comes ashore for the second time; worst natural disaster in U.S. history; death toll will reach 55
  • 2007  Hero security guard Richard Jewell dies; discovered bomb planted by Eric Robert Rudolph in Centennial Olympic Park; saves hundreds of lives but is falsely suspected of planting device

Lost and Found – August 28th Edition

What to remember about August 28th…

  • 1774  Elizabeth Ann Bayley is born in New York City; founder of 1st Catholic school in America and later canonized as St. Elizabeth
  • 1862  Union and Confederate forces clash near Washington, D.C.; 2nd Battle of Bull Run (Manassas) begins
  • 1907  19-year-old James E. “Jim” Casey borrows $100 from a friend to established the American Messenger Company in Seattle, Washington; becomes United Parcel Service (UPS)
  • 1917  Suffragists protesting President Wilson’s failure to support their right to vote are arrested outside the White House
  • 1941  German SS General Franz Jaeckeln orders more than 23,000 Hungarian Jews machine-gunned in Ukraine
  • 1957  Senator Strom Thurmond (D-SC) protests proposed Civil Rights Act of 1957; longest, non-stop filibuster by a single Senator
  • 1963  Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr, gives I Have A Dream speech to 250,000 in front of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C.; defining moment of the American Civil Rights Movement.
  • 1966  Soviet Union announces that it is training North Vietnamese pilots to combat American planes at secret base
  • 1968  Thousands clash with police in demonstrations against the Vietnam War at Democrat National Convention
  • 2005  Hurricane Katrina strengthens to Category Five
  • 2008  Barack Hussein Obama accepts nomination of the Democratic Party to be their candidate for President of the United States
  • 2010  Hundreds of thousands gather on the Washington Mall for Restoring Honor Rally; calls for return to faith and founding principles

Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. – AFP/Getty Images

Presidential Trivia – Lyndon Baines Johnson

Think you know a lot about the President of the United States?  Let us dig down into the dustbin of history and see what we can find.

Our candidate today is:  Lyndon Baines Johnson, 36th President of the United States

  • Born: August 27, 1908 near Stonewall, Texas
  • Died: January 22, 1973 of a heart attack; he died on a plane flying to a San Antonio hospital from the same LBJ family ranch he was born on
  • Height: 6’0″
  • Childhood and school activities:  baseball, public speaking
  • Education:  Graduated from Southwest Texas State Teachers’ College in 1930, edited the college newspaper
  • Military Service:  United States Navy 1941-1942, final rank Lieutenant Commander, awarded the Silver Star
  • Civilian profession: Teacher, Congressional aide, politician
  • Married to Claudia Alta “Lady Bird” Taylor (December 22, 1912 – July 11, 2007) on November 17, 1934, at St. Mark’s Episcopal Church in San Antonio, Texas
  • The ring that LBJ gave Mrs. Johnson on their wedding day was bought at Sears for $2.50
  • Children: daughters Lynda and Luci
  • Political Party – Democrat
  • Term of office:  November 22, 1963 – January 20, 1969
  • Became Vice-President to President John F. Kennedy in a compromise to win southern “Dixie-crats” despite the acrimony with all the Kennedy family
  • As Vice-President, Kennedy kept LBJ busy making him head of the President’s Committee on Equal Employment Opportunities and as Chairman of the National Aeronautics Space Council
  • Sworn in as President aboard Air Force One in Dallas, Texas just 2 hours after the assassination of President Kennedy

Lyndon B. Johnson taking oath of office November 1963

  • President Johnson was the only President to take Oath of Office on an airplane (Air Force One)
  • He was the only President to be administered the oath by a woman (Federal Judge Sarah T. Hughes)
  • He was the only President to take the oath with a woman serving as his witness (Jacqueline Kennedy).
  • Johnson steadily escalated U.S. military involvement in Vietnam, increasing the number of American troops from 16,000 when he first took office in 1963 to over 500,000
  • Famous quote: “Just like the Alamo, somebody damn well needed to go to their aid. Well, by God, I’m going to Vietnam’s aid.”
  • Despite passing massive civil rights legislation racial unrest, riots, and violent demonstrations were commonplace throughout his presidency
  • President and Mrs. Johnson received the first Medicare cards upon his signing of the enacting legislation
  • Despite his Christian upbringing, LBJ was famous for his profanity, streams of cursing could often be heard through the oval office door during meetings
  • Not only were President Johnson’s initials LBJ, so were the initials of his wife and both daughters
  • Famous quotes:

You do not examine legislation in the light of the benefits it will convey if properly administered, but in the light of the wrongs it would do and the harms it would cause if improperly administered.

Yesterday is not ours to recover, but tomorrow is ours to win or lose.

There are no favorites in my office. I treat them all with the same general inconsideration.

The fact that a man is a newspaper reporter is evidence of some flaw of character.

The men who have guided the destiny of the United States have found the strength for their tasks by going to their knees. This private unity of public men and their God is an enduring source of reassurance for the people of America.

Official Presidential portrait of Lyndon Baines Johnson