Tag Archives: history

Lost and Found – May 4th Edition

What to remember about May 4th…

Star Wars Day (May the fourth be with you.)

  • 1776  Rhode Island is 1st colony to declare independence
  • 1863  Though numerically superior, Union Army is forced into retreat after disastrous Battle of Chancellorsville
  • 1864  Union forces leave their winter encampments and cross the Rapidan River in Virginia to begin new phase of the war
  • 1865  President Lincoln is laid to rest in his hometown of Springfield, Illinois; body of son who died 2 years before moved and buried with him
  • 1886  Labor protest and demonstration in Haymarket Square in Chicago ends with 100 wounded and 8 dead after bomb blast and rioting
  • 1932  Notorious mobster Al Capone begins 11-year prison term for tax evasion at federal penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia
  • 1946  U.S. Marines land on Alcatraz Island to put down prison riot
  • 1961  13 “Freedom Riders” depart Washington, D.C. with plans to challenge segregation as the travel across the southern U.S.
  • 1970  4 anti-war protestors are shot and killed when National Guard troops open fire in response to rock throwing at Kent State University
  • 1979  Margaret Thatcher, the “Iron Lady”, is sworn in as Britain’s 1st female Prime Minister; responsible for dismantling socialism in the country
  • 1982  Argentinian fighters attack HMS Sheffield with sea-skimming missiles; ship is mortally wounded and 20 sailors lose their lives
  • 1989  Former White House aide Oliver North is convicted of three crimes and acquitted of nine in Iran-Contra Affair; convictions later overturned
  • 1994  Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO leader Yasser Arafat sign a peace accord granting self-rule for Palestinians in Gaza Strip and Jericho

Lost and Found – May 3rd Edition

What to remember about May 3rd…

  • 1469  Writer, Philosopher, and father of modern political thought Niccolo Machiavelli is born in Florence, Italy (d.1527)
  • 1802  Washington, D.C. is incorporated as a city
  • 1901  Great Fire breaks out at mattress factory in Jacksonville, Florida; 2368 buildings lost and over 10,000 left homeless
  • 1936  Joltin’ Joe DiMaggio makes his major league debut with his 1st appearance as a New York Yankee
  • 1942  1st modern air-naval conflict occurs when U.S. and Japanese fleets meet at Battle of the Coral Sea; Japan moves ahead to capture Solomon Islands
  • 1946  International Military Tribunals for the Far East begins; 28 government officials and military officers to be charged with war crimes
  • 1965  1st units of the 173rd Airborne Brigade arrive in Vietnam
  • 1978  World’s 1st spam e-mail is sent by Digital Equipment Corporation
  • 1980  13-year-old Cari Lightner is killed by drunk driver walking to a church carnival; Candy Lightner will form Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD)
  • 2000  Sport of geocaching is founded when 1st cache is hidden and GPS coordinates posted on the internet for hunters
  • 2007  3-year-old Madeleine McCann disappears on family vacation in Portugal; parents falsely charged when police bungle evidence

Lost and Found – May 2nd Edition

What to remember about May 2nd…

  • 1670  King Charles II of England grants permanent charter to Hudson’s Bay Company; virtual monopoly given to French explorers who opened the lucrative North American fur trade in eastern Canada
  • 1740  Founding Father, President of the Continental Congress, and member of the House of Representatives Elias Boudinot is born (d. 1821)
  • 1863  Confederate general Thomas Jonathan “Stonewall” Jackson is shot and wounded by friendly fire at Battle of Chancellorsville
  • 1918  General Motors Corporation buys Chevrolet Motor Company
  • 1932  Comedian Jack Benny’s 1st show debuted on NBC Radio
  • 1945  Over 1 million German troops surrender in Italy while city of Berlin surrenders to advancing Red Army
  • 1964  Vietcong frogmen plant charges on USNS Card; explosion sinks vessel in Saigon harbor; ship later raised and returned to service
  • 1970  ROTC building is set ablaze during the ongoing anti-war demonstrations and riots at Kent State University
  • 1972  Founding director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) J. Edgar Hoover dies after serving 48 years in that post (b. 1895)
  • 2000  President Bill Clinton announces that accurate Global Positioning System (GPS) data would no longer be restricted to the military
  • 2004  One of several improvised explosive devices (IED) using mustard gas artillery shell is discovered near Baghdad Airport

Lost and Found – May 1st Edition

What to remember about May 1st…

International Workers Day / May Day / Law Day

  • 1863  Vastly outnumbered Confederate forces under Robert E. Lee are attacked as Battle of Chancellorsville begins in Virginia
  • 1898  Squadron of 7 U.S. warships destroy or capture 10 Spanish warships at Battle of Manilla Bay; Admiral Dewey opens city to invasion
  • 1915  RMS Lusitania departs New York City for voyage to Liverpool, England with 1959 souls aboard; vessel will never arrive at her destination
  • 1931  Empire State Building is dedicated in New York City
  • 1956  Polio vaccine is made available to the public
  • 1958  President Eisenhower declares May 1st as Law Day; day celebrates America as nation of laws in opposition to communist May Day
  • 1960  Lockheed U-2 spy plane operated by the CIA and flown by Francis Gary Powers is shot down over the Soviet Union
  • 1961  Prime Minister Fidel Castro proclaims Cuba a socialist nation and abolishes elections
  • 1963 James Whittaker becomes the 1st American to reach the summit of Mt. Everest
  • 1982  British bombers fly 8,000 miles to strike at Argentinian forces during Falklands War; Operation Black Buck begins with strike on Port Stanley
  • 1992  On 3rd day of rioting after acquittal of 4 LAPD officers, Rodney King appears at press conference and appeals to public “People, I just want to say, you know, can we all get along?”
  • 2003  President George W. Bush gives speech aircraft carrier USS Abraham Lincoln; declares that “major combat operations in Iraq have ended”
  • 2011  President Barack Hussein Obama II announces that Osama bin Laden was killed by U.S. forces in Pakistan

Lost and Found – April 30th Edition

What to remember about April 30th…

  • 1789  George Washington is inaugurated as 1st President of the United states in ceremony in New York City
  • 1803  Treaty formalizing Louisiana Purchase is signed; 828,000 square miles acquired for less than 3 cents per acre
  • 1812  Louisiana is admitted as the 18th state in the union
  • 1927  1st federal prison for women opens in Alderson, West Virginia
  • 1938  American science fiction author Larry Niven is born
  • 1939  New York Yankees 1st baseman Lou Gehrig plays his final Major League Baseball game
  • 1945  In fortified bunker under Berlin, Adolf Hitler and his new bride Eva Braun commit suicide as Allied forces close in
  • 1948  Organization of American States is formed when U.S. and 20 other nations sign agreement to resist communist expansion in the Americas
  • 1956  Former 35th Vice President of the United States Alben William Barkley dies during a speech after stating “I would rather be a servant in the House of the Lord than to sit in the seats of the mighty.” (b. 1877)
  • 1961  Soviet Union commissions the K-19; their 1st nuclear submarine equipped with nuclear missiles
  • 1975  South Vietnam surrenders as communist forces take capital of Saigon
  • 2009  Chrysler automobile company files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy

Lost and Found – April 29th Edition

What to remember about April 29th…

  • 1776  General Nathanael Greene takes command of Continental troops to set up defenses against British attack on Long Island, New York
  • 1854  Ashmun Institute in Pennsylvania is 1st college founded solely for African-American students; named for U.S. agent that helped establish Liberia
  • 1861  Other than Delaware, Maryland is the only other slave-holding state to vote against secession
  • 1899  African-American jazz pianist, composer, and band leader Edward “Duke” Ellington is born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1974)
  • 1945  Eva Braun and Adolf Hitler are married in a bunker beneath the German chancellery as Soviet troops approach; Hitler appoints a successor
  • 1945  Dachau concentration camp is liberated by the Allies
  • 1953  3D-TV technology is tested on network television for the 1st time with a broadcast of Space Patrol
  • 1974  President Nixon announces release of transcripts of 46 taped White House conversations in response to House Judiciary committee subpoena regarding Watergate break-in investigation
  • 1975  Operation Frequent Wind begins; 1300 Americans and 5500 Vietnamese are evacuated from Saigon by helicopter as communists approach city
  • 1992  Jury in Simi Valley, California acquits 4 police officers charged with excessive force in beating of Rodney King; rioting breaks out in Los Angeles; 3-days of violence will leave 53 dead and hundreds of buildings destroyed
  • 2004  National World War II Memorial opens in Washington, D.C.
  • 2004  Last Oldsmobile rolls off assembly line after 107 years

Lost and Found – April 28th Edition

What to remember about April 28th…

  • 1758  Founding Father,  U.S. Senator, Governor of Virginia, and future 5th President James Monroe is born in Virginia (d. 1831)
  • 1788  Maryland becomes 7th state to Ratify the U.S. Constitution
  • 1789  Captain William Bligh and 18 loyal crew of HMS Bounty set adrift in small, open boat in middle of the Pacific; Fletcher Christian leads mutiny
  • 1945  Fascist dictator of Italy Benito “Il Duce” Mussolini and his mistress are caught and killed by partisans while they flee for Switzerland
  • 1952  United States ends its post-WWII occupation of Japan in accordance with 1951 Treaty of San Francisco
  • 1965  President Lyndon Johnson orders 22,000 troops to join forces from Organization of American States in installing stable government in chaotic Dominican Republic amid fears nation could go the way of Cuba
  • 1967  Muhammad Ali refuses to be drafted into the U.S. Army and is stripped of heavyweight title; cites Muslim faith in objection to service
  • 2001  American engineer Dennis Tito becomes 1st “space tourist” when he goes into orbit with Soyuz TM-32; spends 8 days aboard International Space Station for bargain price of $20 million
  • 2011  Phillip and Nancy Garrido plead guilty in kidnapping of 11-year-old Jaycee Dugard; she was held captive in their back yard for 18 years

Presidential Trivia – Ulysses S. Grant

Think you know a lot about the President of the United States?  Let us dig down into the dustbin of history and see what we can find.

Our candidate today is:  Ulysses S. Grant (born. Hiram Ulysses Grant), 18th President of the United States

  • Born April 27, 1822 in Point Pleasant, Ohio
  • Died July 23, 1885, Mount McGregor, Saratoga Springs, New York
  • Height: 5’8″
  • Childhood and school activities:  Fishing; riding and breaking horses; worked in his fathers tannery
  • Education:  United States Military Academy at West Point (Nominated by Congressman Thomas L. Hamer, the application mistakenly listed the name “Ulysses S. Grant of Ohio”. Grant opted to let the mistake go and accepted the moniker “U.S. Grant”.)
  • Military Service:  United States Navy 1839-1854, 1861-1869, final rank General of the Army
  • Civilian profession: Soldier, author
  • Married to Julia Boggs Dent (January 26, 1826 – December 14, 1902) at White Haven plantation west of St. Louis, Missouri
  • Children: Frederick Dent Grant, Ulysses S. Grant, Jr., Ellen Wrenshall Grant, Jesse Root Grant
  • Political Party – Republican
  • Term of office:  August 9, 1974 – January 20, 1977
  • At 46 years old, he was the youngest man to that time elected to the presidency.
  • Early in life his political leanings were Democrat.  However, during the Civil War, Grant became and voted Republican.
  • Having received a slave from his father-in-law, Grant freed William Jones in 1859 despite being in need of money.
  • Though rumors of drunkenness dogged his career, Grant actually suffered from debilitating migraines that often left him “hung over” and irritable.
  • Grant’s offer to return to military service after the attack on Ft. Sumter was lost by the War Department until after the Civil War had ended.  He joined the Union army as Colonel of the unruly 21st Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment.
  • Eschewing pomp and finery, Grant often wore a privates uniform with stars of rank as the only adornment.
  • He accepted the surrender of Confederate forces under General Robert E. Lee (whom he had served with in the Mexican-American War) at Appomattox Courthouse.  He allowed Confederate soldiers to retain their personal weapons and horses if they would return home in peace.
  • Grant oversaw ratification of the 15th Amendment to the United States Constitution “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.”
  • Grant signed legislation establishing the Department of Justice, the Weather Bureau (now the National Weather Service) and Yellowstone National Park, America’s first national park.
  • During his terms of office, Grant strove to improve the living conditions of Native Americans, repair foreign relations with Great Britain, reconcile differences among the North and South, secure civil rights for all Americans, and annex (unsuccessfully) the Dominican Republic into the United States.
  • Grant is the first of only three Presidents to have graduated from the military academy – Grant (USMA – 1843), Eisenhower (USMA – 1915), Carter (USNA – 1947, accelerated to 1946)
  • Assassination attempts:  Grant had been invited to the performance at Ford’s Theatre with President Lincoln.  However, he declined so that he and his wife could visit their children in New Jersey.  John Wilkes Booth had previously stalked Julia Grant.
  • Grant is the first of only three Presidents to have graduated from the military academy – Grant (USMA – 1843), Eisenhower (USMA – 1915), Carter (USNA – 1947, accelerated to 1946)
  • He is buried beside his wife Julia in the General Grant National Memorial in Riverside Park, New York, New York; the largest mausoleum in North America. There is no “Grant’s Tomb”.
  • Hobbies:  horseback riding – he once received a speeding ticket from a Washington, D.C. police officer that didn’t recognize him
  • Famous quote: “The right of revolution is an inherent one. When people are oppressed by their government, it is a natural right they enjoy to relieve themselves of oppression, if they are strong enough, whether by withdrawal from it, or by overthrowing it and substituting a government more acceptable.” Personal Memoirs, 1885

President Ulysses S. Grant circa 1876

Lost and Found – April 27th Edition

What to remember about April 27th…

  • 1773  British Parliament passes Tea Act hoping to save failing East India Company; new monopoly leads to smuggling and rebellion
  • 1791  American painter and inventor Samuel Morse is born in Massachusetts (d. 1872); creator of Morse Code and the telegraph
  • 1805  After 500 mile march from Egypt, First Lieutenant Presley O’Bannon leads U.S. Marines and mercenary allies to victory over Barbary pirates at Battle of Derna; “to the shores of Tripoli” references this day
  • 1813  American forces overcome British defenders during Battle of York in Canada; provincial capital of York (now Toronto) is captured and looted
  • 1822  Future 18th President of the United States and Civil War General Ulysses S. Grant is born in Point Pleasant, Ohio (d. 1885)
  • 1861  President Lincoln suspends writ of habeas corpus
  • 1968  Following President Johnson’s announcement that he would not seek reelection, Vice President Hubert Humphry announces his candidacy
  • 1978  Pro-communist rebels capture and kill Afghan president; government is overthrown and resulting turbulence will lead to Soviet invasion
  • 2006  Construction begins on Freedom Tower located on the former site of the World Trade Center; later renamed One World Trade Center
  • 2009  General Motors announces that it will phase out 80-year-old Pontiac brand as money-saving strategy; bankruptcy still lies ahead

Lost and Found – April 26th Edition

What to remember about April 26th…

  • 1607  English settlers land at Cape Henry, Virginia to establish Jamestown; 1st permanent English settlement in North America
  • 1865  John Wilkes Booth dies after an hours-long stand-off with Union soldiers; assassin had shot President Lincoln 12 days ago
  • 1933  Brutal secret police force of Nazi Germany is founded; the Gestapo terrorized German citizens into informing on each other
  • 1962  Failure to deploy solar panels leaves NASA’s Ranger 4 spacecraft powerless; mission ends when ship crashes on dark side of the moon
  • 1977 Infamous discotheque and nightclub Studio 54 opens its doors
  • 1986  Near Kiev in the former Soviet Union, explosions rock Chernobyl nuclear power plant; 31 die and tens-of-thousands exposed to radiation
  • 2011  Rep. Ron Paul announces that he will be seeking Republican nomination for President of the United States… again