Tag Archives: Abraham Lincoln

Presidential Trivia – Ulysses S. Grant

Think you know a lot about the President of the United States?  Let us dig down into the dustbin of history and see what we can find.

Our candidate today is:  Ulysses S. Grant (born. Hiram Ulysses Grant), 18th President of the United States

  • Born April 27, 1822 in Point Pleasant, Ohio
  • Died July 23, 1885, Mount McGregor, Saratoga Springs, New York
  • Height: 5’8″
  • Childhood and school activities:  Fishing; riding and breaking horses; worked in his fathers tannery
  • Education:  United States Military Academy at West Point (Nominated by Congressman Thomas L. Hamer, the application mistakenly listed the name “Ulysses S. Grant of Ohio”. Grant opted to let the mistake go and accepted the moniker “U.S. Grant”.)
  • Military Service:  United States Navy 1839-1854, 1861-1869, final rank General of the Army
  • Civilian profession: Soldier, author
  • Married to Julia Boggs Dent (January 26, 1826 – December 14, 1902) at White Haven plantation west of St. Louis, Missouri
  • Children: Frederick Dent Grant, Ulysses S. Grant, Jr., Ellen Wrenshall Grant, Jesse Root Grant
  • Political Party – Republican
  • Term of office:  August 9, 1974 – January 20, 1977
  • At 46 years old, he was the youngest man to that time elected to the presidency.
  • Early in life his political leanings were Democrat.  However, during the Civil War, Grant became and voted Republican.
  • Having received a slave from his father-in-law, Grant freed William Jones in 1859 despite being in need of money.
  • Though rumors of drunkenness dogged his career, Grant actually suffered from debilitating migraines that often left him “hung over” and irritable.
  • Grant’s offer to return to military service after the attack on Ft. Sumter was lost by the War Department until after the Civil War had ended.  He joined the Union army as Colonel of the unruly 21st Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment.
  • Eschewing pomp and finery, Grant often wore a privates uniform with stars of rank as the only adornment.
  • He accepted the surrender of Confederate forces under General Robert E. Lee (whom he had served with in the Mexican-American War) at Appomattox Courthouse.  He allowed Confederate soldiers to retain their personal weapons and horses if they would return home in peace.
  • Grant oversaw ratification of the 15th Amendment to the United States Constitution “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.”
  • Grant signed legislation establishing the Department of Justice, the Weather Bureau (now the National Weather Service) and Yellowstone National Park, America’s first national park.
  • During his terms of office, Grant strove to improve the living conditions of Native Americans, repair foreign relations with Great Britain, reconcile differences among the North and South, secure civil rights for all Americans, and annex (unsuccessfully) the Dominican Republic into the United States.
  • Grant is the first of only three Presidents to have graduated from the military academy – Grant (USMA – 1843), Eisenhower (USMA – 1915), Carter (USNA – 1947, accelerated to 1946)
  • Assassination attempts:  Grant had been invited to the performance at Ford’s Theatre with President Lincoln.  However, he declined so that he and his wife could visit their children in New Jersey.  John Wilkes Booth had previously stalked Julia Grant.
  • Grant is the first of only three Presidents to have graduated from the military academy – Grant (USMA – 1843), Eisenhower (USMA – 1915), Carter (USNA – 1947, accelerated to 1946)
  • He is buried beside his wife Julia in the General Grant National Memorial in Riverside Park, New York, New York; the largest mausoleum in North America. There is no “Grant’s Tomb”.
  • Hobbies:  horseback riding – he once received a speeding ticket from a Washington, D.C. police officer that didn’t recognize him
  • Famous quote: “The right of revolution is an inherent one. When people are oppressed by their government, it is a natural right they enjoy to relieve themselves of oppression, if they are strong enough, whether by withdrawal from it, or by overthrowing it and substituting a government more acceptable.” Personal Memoirs, 1885

President Ulysses S. Grant circa 1876

Lost and Found – April 27th Edition

What to remember about April 27th…

  • 1773  British Parliament passes Tea Act hoping to save failing East India Company; new monopoly leads to smuggling and rebellion
  • 1791  American painter and inventor Samuel Morse is born in Massachusetts (d. 1872); creator of Morse Code and the telegraph
  • 1805  After 500 mile march from Egypt, First Lieutenant Presley O’Bannon leads U.S. Marines and mercenary allies to victory over Barbary pirates at Battle of Derna; “to the shores of Tripoli” references this day
  • 1813  American forces overcome British defenders during Battle of York in Canada; provincial capital of York (now Toronto) is captured and looted
  • 1822  Future 18th President of the United States and Civil War General Ulysses S. Grant is born in Point Pleasant, Ohio (d. 1885)
  • 1861  President Lincoln suspends writ of habeas corpus
  • 1968  Following President Johnson’s announcement that he would not seek reelection, Vice President Hubert Humphry announces his candidacy
  • 1978  Pro-communist rebels capture and kill Afghan president; government is overthrown and resulting turbulence will lead to Soviet invasion
  • 2006  Construction begins on Freedom Tower located on the former site of the World Trade Center; later renamed One World Trade Center
  • 2009  General Motors announces that it will phase out 80-year-old Pontiac brand as money-saving strategy; bankruptcy still lies ahead

Lost and Found – April 26th Edition

What to remember about April 26th…

  • 1607  English settlers land at Cape Henry, Virginia to establish Jamestown; 1st permanent English settlement in North America
  • 1865  John Wilkes Booth dies after an hours-long stand-off with Union soldiers; assassin had shot President Lincoln 12 days ago
  • 1933  Brutal secret police force of Nazi Germany is founded; the Gestapo terrorized German citizens into informing on each other
  • 1962  Failure to deploy solar panels leaves NASA’s Ranger 4 spacecraft powerless; mission ends when ship crashes on dark side of the moon
  • 1977 Infamous discotheque and nightclub Studio 54 opens its doors
  • 1986  Near Kiev in the former Soviet Union, explosions rock Chernobyl nuclear power plant; 31 die and tens-of-thousands exposed to radiation
  • 2011  Rep. Ron Paul announces that he will be seeking Republican nomination for President of the United States… again

Lost and Found – April 21st Edition

What to remember about April 21st…

  • 753 B.C.  Twin brothers Romulus and Remus found Rome (traditional)
  • 1836  Sam Houston leads Texas militia in surprise attack on Mexican troops along San Jacinto River capturing General Santa Anna himself
  • 1838  Scottish naturalist and conservationist John Muir is born (d. 1914); co-founder of the Sierra Club
  • 1865  Funeral train bearing Abraham Lincoln departs Washington, D.C.
  • 1910  American author and humorist Samuel “Mark Twain” Clemens dies as predicted at the departure of Halley’s Comet (b. 1835)
  • 1918  Notorious German flying ace Manfred von Richthofen is shot down and killed; 25-year-old “Red Baron” had shot down 80 enemy aircraft
  • 1975  Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu resigns as communist forces approach the capital; he then flees the country
  • 1986  Journalist Geraldo Rivera opens vault belonging to notorious mobster Al Capone; after much build up and self promotion, nothing is found
  • 1989  100,000 Chinese students gather in Tiananmen Square to protest oppressive communist government
  • 2004  Grand jury indicts pop singer Michael Jackson on charges of child molestation

Lost and Found – April 15th Edition

What to remember about April 15th…

  • 1783  Treaty to end war between United States and Great Britain is ratified by Continental Congress; will be signed in Paris in September
  • 1817  American School for the Deaf founded in Hartford, Connecticut by Thomas Gallaudet and Laurent Clerc; 1st school for deaf students in America
  • 1865  President Lincoln is pronounced dead at 7:22 am the morning after he is shot by Confederate sympathizer John Wilkes Booth
  • 1912  Just 3 hours after striking an Atlantic iceberg, RMS Titanic sinks at 2:20 am killing 1500 of 2200 passengers and crew
  • 1947  Jackie Robinson is becomes African-American player in Major League Baseball when he steps onto Ebbets Field for the Brooklyn Dodgers
  • 1952  Boeing B-52 Stratofortress makes its maiden flight
  • 1955  Ray Kroc opens his 1st McDonald’s store in Des Plaines, Illinois and incorporates McDonald’s Corporation
  • 1967  Massive anti-war protest in New York’s Central Park; speeches by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Floyd McKissick, and Stokely Carmichael
  • 1994  Representatives of 124 countries sign Marrakesh Agreements creating World Trade Organization on January 1, 1995
  • 1998  Brutal communist dictator and leader of Khmer Rouge dies; responsible for deaths of over 2 million Cambodians and killing fields (b. 1925)

Lost and Found – April 14th Edition

What to remember about April 14th…

  • 1775  1st abolition society in America is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania by Benjamin Franklin and Benjamin Rush
  • 1846  Donner Party of pioneers departs Springfield, Illinois, for California; year-long expedition ends with sorrow, cannibalism, and death
  • 1865  Actor and Confederate sympathizer John Wilkes Booth fatally shoots President Abraham Lincoln at a play at Ford’s Theater in Washington, D.C.
  • 1865  Lewis Powell attempts unsuccessfully to assassinate U.S. Secretary of State William H. Seward at home as part of John Wilkes Booth’s plot
  • 1912  Famous first and last voyage of RMS Titanic ends in tragedy when she strikes an iceberg and sinks; over 1500 souls lost
  • 1975  American airlift code-named Operation Baby Lift ends after transporting over 2600 orphans from Vietnam to America
  • 1981  NASA’s Space Shuttle Columbia returns safely to Earth after her maiden flight and 1st mission in orbit
  • 1986  In response to terrorist bombing against U.S. troops and civilians, American warplanes bomb Libyan capital of Tripoli
  • 2003  Human Genome Project finishes work on complete map of human genome sequence

Lost and Found – April 4th Edition

What to remember about April 4th…

  • 1776  General Washington marches his troops from recently liberated Boston towards New York; writes to Congress to get pay for his troops
  • 1841  9th President William Henry Harrison dies of pneumonia 1-month after inauguration (b. 1773); John Tyler becomes President
  • 1865  Day after Union forces capture Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia, President Lincoln tours the city; that night Lincoln dreams of a presidential assassination
  • 1884  Japanese Admiral, strategist, and author of attack on Pearl Harbor Yamamoto Isoroku is born (d. 1943)
  • 1933  U.S. Navy airship USS Akron (ZRS-4) encounters bad weather and crashes due to commander error; 73 die in crash
  • 1949  United States and 11 other nations establish the North Atlantic Treaty Organization to oppose growing communist threats in Europe
  • 1968  Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. is assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee 1-day after giving I’ve Been To The Mountaintop speech that foreshadows his death; manhunt for shooter leads to James Earl Ray
  • 1969  Doctors Liotta and Cooley perform 1st clinical implantation of a mechanical heart in a human; device performs well until donor heart located and transplanted days later
  • 1973  World Trade Center is dedicated in New York City
  • 1975  Microsoft Corporation is founded in Albuquerque, New Mexico by Bill Gates and Paul Allen
  • 1983  NASA Space Shuttle Challenger makes maiden voyage with mission STS-6
  • 1984  President Reagan proposes international ban on chemical weapons
  • 2011  Al Jazeera announces that President Obama will seek a second term in office; releases video and sends e-mail to supporters

Lost and Found – February 27th Edition

What to remember about February 27th…

  • 1776  Patriot forces score 1st victory of Revolutionary War when troops defeat superior British force at Battle of Moore’s Creek
  • 1827  New Orleans’ Mardi Gras tradition is born when masked and costumed students take to the streets
  • 1960  Abraham Lincoln gives famous Cooper Union Speech; brings him to prominence and then nomination for presidency
  • 1864  Union prisoners of war begin arriving at Camp Sumter near Andersonville, Georgia; thousands will die under horrific conditions by time of liberation
  • 1922  Supreme Court issues opinion in Lesser v. Garnett affirming ratification of 19th Amendment; women’s right to vote guaranteed
  • 1942  Aircraft carrier USS Langley is sunk by Japanese bombers; U.S. Navy’s 1st aircraft carrier
  • 1949  Chaim Weizmann becomes 1st President of Israel
  • 1951  22nd Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is ratified; Presidents are limited to 2 terms of service
  • 1972  Chinese premier and President Nixon issue “Shanghai Communique” announcing normalization of relations
  • 1973  200 members of American Indian Movement (AIM) occupy Wounded Knee historic battlefield and take hostages
  • 1982  Wayne Bertram Williams is convicted for 2 of 28 serial murders of young African-American males in Atlanta, Georgia
  • 1991  President Bush announces that Kuwait has been liberated

f-16 fighting falcon burning iraqi oil wells

Lost and Found – February 23rd Edition

What to remember about February 23rd…

  • 1778  Prussian born Barron von Steuben arrives at Valley Forge to begin training of Continental troops to become professional soldiers
  • 1836  Mexican army arrives, siege begins at Battle of the Alamo, Texas
  • 1848  Former 6th President of the United States John Quincy Adams dies from stroke inside U.S. Capitol Building (b. 1757)
  • 1861  President elect Lincoln foils assassination attempt with last-minute change of his itinerary; arrives in Washington, D.C vs Baltimore
  • 1870  Mississippi is readmitted to the Union; military governance ends
  • 1943  Japanese submarine bombards Elwood, California

submarine launched float plane attacks oregon wwii

  • 1945  U.S. flag is raised by Marines on Mt. Suribaci on Iwo Jima
  • 1954  Polio vaccine invented by Dr. Jonas Salk is given to children for 1st time; incidence of disease has dropped from peak of hundreds of thousands infected each year to around 1000
  • 1991  Coalition ground forces cross the border from Saudi Arabia to begin liberation of Kuwait during the Gulf War
  • 1997  Palestinian teacher Ali Hassan Abu Kamal opens fire on observation deck of Empire State Building; 2 killed 6 wounded

Lost and Found – February 12th Edition

What to remember about February 12th…

  • 1733  British general and MP James Oglethorpe founds Georgia as 13th English colony with Savannah as its 1st city
  • 1789  American patriot Ethan Allen dies of stroke in Vermont (b. 1738); famous leader of Green Mountain Boys and victor of Fort Tigonderoga
  • 1809  Future 16th President Abraham Lincoln is born in Hodgeville, Kentucky (d. 1865)
  • 1909  National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is founded
  • 1924  In New York City, George Gershwin’s jazz classic Rhapsody in Blue is performed for the 1st time; billed as “exeriment in modern music”
  • 1935  Navy airship USS Macon crashes and sinks in bad weather off California coast just 2 years after the loss of sister ship USS Akron
  • 1973  142 of the last 591 U.S. POW’s are released in Hanoi as required by Paris peace settlement talks
  • 1999  Senate fails to impeach President Bill Clinton on either perjury or obstruction of justice charges; votes were 45 – 55 and 50 – 50
  • 2000  American cartoonist and author of “Peanuts”, Charles Monroe “Sparky” Schulz dies (b. 1922)
  • 2004  San Francisco begins issuing marriage liscences to same-sex couples at the direction of Mayor Gavin Newsom