Tag Archives: U.S Presidents

Presidential Trivia – Ulysses S. Grant

Think you know a lot about the President of the United States?  Let us dig down into the dustbin of history and see what we can find.

Our candidate today is:  Ulysses S. Grant (born. Hiram Ulysses Grant), 18th President of the United States

  • Born April 27, 1822 in Point Pleasant, Ohio
  • Died July 23, 1885, Mount McGregor, Saratoga Springs, New York
  • Height: 5’8″
  • Childhood and school activities:  Fishing; riding and breaking horses; worked in his fathers tannery
  • Education:  United States Military Academy at West Point (Nominated by Congressman Thomas L. Hamer, the application mistakenly listed the name “Ulysses S. Grant of Ohio”. Grant opted to let the mistake go and accepted the moniker “U.S. Grant”.)
  • Military Service:  United States Navy 1839-1854, 1861-1869, final rank General of the Army
  • Civilian profession: Soldier, author
  • Married to Julia Boggs Dent (January 26, 1826 – December 14, 1902) at White Haven plantation west of St. Louis, Missouri
  • Children: Frederick Dent Grant, Ulysses S. Grant, Jr., Ellen Wrenshall Grant, Jesse Root Grant
  • Political Party – Republican
  • Term of office:  August 9, 1974 – January 20, 1977
  • At 46 years old, he was the youngest man to that time elected to the presidency.
  • Early in life his political leanings were Democrat.  However, during the Civil War, Grant became and voted Republican.
  • Having received a slave from his father-in-law, Grant freed William Jones in 1859 despite being in need of money.
  • Though rumors of drunkenness dogged his career, Grant actually suffered from debilitating migraines that often left him “hung over” and irritable.
  • Grant’s offer to return to military service after the attack on Ft. Sumter was lost by the War Department until after the Civil War had ended.  He joined the Union army as Colonel of the unruly 21st Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment.
  • Eschewing pomp and finery, Grant often wore a privates uniform with stars of rank as the only adornment.
  • He accepted the surrender of Confederate forces under General Robert E. Lee (whom he had served with in the Mexican-American War) at Appomattox Courthouse.  He allowed Confederate soldiers to retain their personal weapons and horses if they would return home in peace.
  • Grant oversaw ratification of the 15th Amendment to the United States Constitution “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.”
  • Grant signed legislation establishing the Department of Justice, the Weather Bureau (now the National Weather Service) and Yellowstone National Park, America’s first national park.
  • During his terms of office, Grant strove to improve the living conditions of Native Americans, repair foreign relations with Great Britain, reconcile differences among the North and South, secure civil rights for all Americans, and annex (unsuccessfully) the Dominican Republic into the United States.
  • Grant is the first of only three Presidents to have graduated from the military academy – Grant (USMA – 1843), Eisenhower (USMA – 1915), Carter (USNA – 1947, accelerated to 1946)
  • Assassination attempts:  Grant had been invited to the performance at Ford’s Theatre with President Lincoln.  However, he declined so that he and his wife could visit their children in New Jersey.  John Wilkes Booth had previously stalked Julia Grant.
  • Grant is the first of only three Presidents to have graduated from the military academy – Grant (USMA – 1843), Eisenhower (USMA – 1915), Carter (USNA – 1947, accelerated to 1946)
  • He is buried beside his wife Julia in the General Grant National Memorial in Riverside Park, New York, New York; the largest mausoleum in North America. There is no “Grant’s Tomb”.
  • Hobbies:  horseback riding – he once received a speeding ticket from a Washington, D.C. police officer that didn’t recognize him
  • Famous quote: “The right of revolution is an inherent one. When people are oppressed by their government, it is a natural right they enjoy to relieve themselves of oppression, if they are strong enough, whether by withdrawal from it, or by overthrowing it and substituting a government more acceptable.” Personal Memoirs, 1885

President Ulysses S. Grant circa 1876

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Presidential Trivia – William Howard Taft

Think you know a lot about the President of the United States?  Let us dig down into the dustbin of history and see what we can find.

Our candidate today is:  William Howard Taft, 27th President of the United States and later 10th Chief Justice of the United States

  • Born September 15, 1857 in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • Died March 8, 1930 (aged 72)in Washington, D.C.
  • Height: 6’2″
  • Childhood and school activities:  church; baseball; Linonian Society for literary study and debating; member of Beta chapter of the Psi Upsilon fraternity; legacy member of Skull and Bones secret society co-founded by his father; Yale’s intramural heavyweight wrestling champion
  • Education:  Graduated from Yale College (1878); Cincinnati Law School (1880)
  • Military Service:  42nd United States Secretary of War, February 1, 1904 – June 30, 1908
  • Civilian profession: Lawyer, Jurist
  • Married to Helen Louise Herron “Nellie” Taft (June 2, 1861 – May 22, 1943) on June 19, 1886, at the home of the bride’s parents in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • Children: Robert Alphonso Taft, Helen Herron Taft Manning, Charles Phelps Taft II
  • Political Party – Republican
  • Term of office:  March 4, 1909 – March 4, 1913
  • Only President to become a Chief Justice of the United States.  as Chief Justice, was the only President to swear into office another President (Calvin Coolidge in 1925 and Herbert Hoover in 1929).
  • Hand picked by President Theodore Roosevelt as his successor.  Taft easily won election against William Jennings Bryan.
  • Appointed in 1900 by President William McKinley as chairman of commission to organize civilian government in the Philippines. U.S. been ceded the islands by Spain following the Spanish–American War and the 1898 Treaty of Paris. Taft told McKinley his real ambition was to become a justice of the Supreme Court of the United States but that he would reluctantly accept the appointment.
  • Taft served as Governor-General of the Philippines from July 4, 1901 – December 23, 1903.  In 1902, he negotiated purchase of church-owned lands in the Philippines from Pope Leo XIII and the subsequent sale of those lands to the Philippine people.
  • Though elected as a Republican, Roosevelt had understood that Taft was a progressive at heart and would continue and expand on many of his policies.
  • Taft began an initiative of “Dollar Diplomacy” – send money and exert financial pressure rather than expending bullets and sending soldiers.  This was especially prevalent in relations with Central and South American countries.
  • Taft publicly endorsed Booker T. Washington’s program to uplift African-Americans.  However, he encouraged them to focus on education and entrepreneurship while avoiding participating in current politics.
  • Taft supported income taxes for corporations and individuals.  The 16th Amendment to the Constitution (allowing income taxes) passed during his administration.
  • New Mexico and Arizona were admitted to the Union while he was President.
  • As First Lady, Mrs. Taft joined with the wife of the Japanese ambassador to have 3020 Japanese cherry trees planted around Washington, D.C.
  • President Taft was the last to keep a cow at the White house; it was there to supply fresh milk.  He was the first to own an automobile.
  • In 1910, Taft became the first President to throw the first ball of a baseball season (Senators vs. Athletics 3-0).  The ball was thrown from the stands to the pitcher rather than the current mound-to-catcher method.  He is also (inaccurately) credited with beginning the tradition of the seventh-inning stretch.
  • Taft weighed 330 pounds and stood 6’2″ when he became President.  Shortly after taking office he found himself stuck in the standard-sized tub in the White House.  It took six attendants to extricate him.  A custom tub big enough for four was quickly installed.
  • As Chief Justice, Taft successfully argued that the Supreme Court needed its own building so as to distance itself from the other branches of government.  Until then the Court met in the Capitol, even in the basement.
  • William Howard Taft was the first president to be buried at Arlington National Cemetery.  His wife is interred there with him.
  • Hobbies:  golf (first President to actively participate in the sport while in office)
  • Famous quotes:

“The world is not going to be saved by legislation.”

“Presidents come and go, but the Supreme Court goes on forever.”

“Politics makes me sick.”

William Howard Taft presidential portrait

Presidential Trivia – Lyndon Baines Johnson

Think you know a lot about the President of the United States?  Let us dig down into the dustbin of history and see what we can find.

Our candidate today is:  Lyndon Baines Johnson, 36th President of the United States

  • Born: August 27, 1908 near Stonewall, Texas
  • Died: January 22, 1973 of a heart attack; he died on a plane flying to a San Antonio hospital from the same LBJ family ranch he was born on
  • Height: 6’0″
  • Childhood and school activities:  baseball, public speaking
  • Education:  Graduated from Southwest Texas State Teachers’ College in 1930, edited the college newspaper
  • Military Service:  United States Navy 1941-1942, final rank Lieutenant Commander, awarded the Silver Star
  • Civilian profession: Teacher, Congressional aide, politician
  • Married to Claudia Alta “Lady Bird” Taylor (December 22, 1912 – July 11, 2007) on November 17, 1934, at St. Mark’s Episcopal Church in San Antonio, Texas
  • The ring that LBJ gave Mrs. Johnson on their wedding day was bought at Sears for $2.50
  • Children: daughters Lynda and Luci
  • Political Party – Democrat
  • Term of office:  November 22, 1963 – January 20, 1969
  • Became Vice-President to President John F. Kennedy in a compromise to win southern “Dixie-crats” despite the acrimony with all the Kennedy family
  • As Vice-President, Kennedy kept LBJ busy making him head of the President’s Committee on Equal Employment Opportunities and as Chairman of the National Aeronautics Space Council
  • Sworn in as President aboard Air Force One in Dallas, Texas just 2 hours after the assassination of President Kennedy

Lyndon B. Johnson taking oath of office November 1963

  • President Johnson was the only President to take Oath of Office on an airplane (Air Force One)
  • He was the only President to be administered the oath by a woman (Federal Judge Sarah T. Hughes)
  • He was the only President to take the oath with a woman serving as his witness (Jacqueline Kennedy).
  • Johnson steadily escalated U.S. military involvement in Vietnam, increasing the number of American troops from 16,000 when he first took office in 1963 to over 500,000
  • Famous quote: “Just like the Alamo, somebody damn well needed to go to their aid. Well, by God, I’m going to Vietnam’s aid.”
  • Despite passing massive civil rights legislation racial unrest, riots, and violent demonstrations were commonplace throughout his presidency
  • President and Mrs. Johnson received the first Medicare cards upon his signing of the enacting legislation
  • Despite his Christian upbringing, LBJ was famous for his profanity, streams of cursing could often be heard through the oval office door during meetings
  • Not only were President Johnson’s initials LBJ, so were the initials of his wife and both daughters
  • Famous quotes:

You do not examine legislation in the light of the benefits it will convey if properly administered, but in the light of the wrongs it would do and the harms it would cause if improperly administered.

Yesterday is not ours to recover, but tomorrow is ours to win or lose.

There are no favorites in my office. I treat them all with the same general inconsideration.

The fact that a man is a newspaper reporter is evidence of some flaw of character.

The men who have guided the destiny of the United States have found the strength for their tasks by going to their knees. This private unity of public men and their God is an enduring source of reassurance for the people of America.

Official Presidential portrait of Lyndon Baines Johnson

Presidential Trivia – Herbert Hoover

Think you know a lot about the President of the United States?  Let us dig down into the dustbin of history and see what we can find.

Our candidate today is:  Herbert Clark Hoover; 31st President of the United States

  • Born: August 10, 1874 in West Branch, Iowa
  • Died: October 20, 1964 in New York City, New York
  • Height: 5’11”
  • Childhood and school activities:  Orphaned at age 12; left school at 14 to work in real estate; student manager of baseball and football teams at Stanford
  • Education:  attended Friends Pacific Academy (now George Fox University) for 2 years; graduated from Stanford University with a degree in geology – member of 1st class at Stanford University
  • Military Service:  none
  • Civilian profession:  Mining and Civil Engineer, Investor, Humanitarian
  • Married to  Lou Henry (March 29, 1974 to January 7, 1944) at her parents home in Monterey, California on February 10, 1899
  • Children: Herbert Charles Jr., Allan Henry
  • Political Party: Republican
  • Term of office: March 4, 1929 to March 4, 1933
  • Deeply involved in providing food and economic aid to countries devastated by WWI as well as evacuating Americans from the war zones.
  • Worked in and later owned gold and silver mines around the world
  • Prior government service as head of U.S. Food Administration and Secretary of Commerce.
  • Presided over the Great Depression as well as the Stock Market crash; signed Smoot-Hawley tariff Act
  • His Vice-President, Charles Curtis, was first Native American to hold the office; Kaw, Osage, and Pottawatomie ancestry
  • While in office, donated his salary to charity
  • Shortly before his death, he endorsed Barry Goldwater for President
  • Hobbies:  fishing, writing – Hoover authored several books during his lifetime including Fishing for Fun: and to Wash Your Soul
  • Famous quotes:

“We are now speeding down the road of wasteful spending and debt, and unless we can escape, we will be smashed in inflation.”

“Every time the government is forced to act, we lose something in self-reliance, character, and initiative.”

“The sole function of Government is to bring about a condition of affairs favorable to the beneficial development of private enterprise.”

“The course of unbalanced budgets is the road to ruin.”

“When there is a lack of honor in government, the morals of the whole people are poisoned.”

“It is a paradox that every dictator has climbed to power on the ladder of free speech. Immediately on attaining power each dictator has suppressed all free speech except his own.”

Presidential Trivia – Gerald Ford

Think you know a lot about the President of the United States?  Let us dig down into the dustbin of history and see what we can find.

Our candidate today is:  Gerald Rudolph “Jerry” Ford, Jr. (born Leslie Lynch King, Jr.), 38th President of the United States

  • Born July 14, 1913 in Omaha, Nebraska
  • Died December 26, 2006 in Rancho Mirage, California
  • Height: 6’0″
  • Childhood and school activities:  Boy Scout and Eagle Scout; captain of high school football team; member of the National Honor Society; member of 1932 and 1933 University of Michigan Wolverines national champion football team; member 1935 Collegiate All-Star football team
  • Education:  University of Michigan Bachelor of Arts degree in economics 1935; LL.B. and J.D. from Yale Law School 1941
  • Military Service:  United States Navy 1942-1946, final rank Lieutenant Commander
  • Civilian profession: Lawyer
  • Married to Elizabeth Ann “Betty” Bloomer (April 8, 1918 – July 8, 2011) on October 15, 1948 in Grand Rapids, Michigan
  • Children: Michael, John, Steven, Susan
  • Political Party – Republican
  • Term of office:  August 9, 1974 – January 20, 1977
  • Only President or Vice President  to never be elected.  Appointed to the Vice Presidency upon the resignation of Spiro Agnew.  Assumed the Presidency upon the resignation of Richard Nixon.
  • At the 1964 Republican National Convention, Gerald Ford put forward George Romney (father of Mitt Romney) as the Republican Presidential nominee.  Barry Goldwater won the nomination.
  • Assassination attempts:  two; follower of Charles Manson Lynette “Squeaky” Fromme on September 5, 1975, FBI informant Sara Jane Moore on September 22, 1975
  • Ford was a member of the Warren Commission investigating assassination of President Kennedy
  • Turned down contracts to play football for both the Detroit Lions and Green Bay Packers
  • Worked as a male model; his picture was featured on the cover of Cosmopolitan Magazine in 1942
  • Only President to have been a Park Ranger; served at Yellowstone
  • Hobbies:  golf, stamp collecting
  • Famous quote: “A government big enough to give you everything you want is a government big enough to take from you everything you have.”

Presidential Trivia – Ulysses S. Grant

Think you know a lot about the President of the United States?  Let us dig down into the dustbin of history and see what we can find.

Our candidate today is:  Ulysses S. Grant (born. Hiram Ulysses Grant), 18th President of the United States

  • Born April 27, 1822 in Point Pleasant, Ohio
  • Died July 23, 1885, Mount McGregor, Saratoga Springs, New York
  • Height: 5’8″
  • Childhood and school activities:  Fishing; riding and breaking horses; worked in his fathers tannery
  • Education:  United States Military Academy at West Point (Nominated by Congressman Thomas L. Hamer, the application mistakenly listed the name “Ulysses S. Grant of Ohio”. Grant opted to let the mistake go and accepted the moniker “U.S. Grant”.)
  • Military Service:  United States Navy 1839-1854, 1861-1869, final rank General of the Army
  • Civilian profession: Soldier, author
  • Married to Julia Boggs Dent (January 26, 1826 – December 14, 1902) at White Haven plantation west of St. Louis, Missouri
  • Children: Frederick Dent Grant, Ulysses S. Grant, Jr., Ellen Wrenshall Grant, Jesse Root Grant
  • Political Party – Republican
  • Term of office:  August 9, 1974 – January 20, 1977
  • At 46 years old, he was the youngest man to that time elected to the presidency.
  • Early in life his political leanings were Democrat.  However, during the Civil War, Grant became and voted Republican.
  • Having received a slave from his father-in-law, Grant freed William Jones in 1859 despite being in need of money.
  • Though rumors of drunkenness dogged his career, Grant actually suffered from debilitating migraines that often left him “hung over” and irritable.
  • Grant’s offer to return to military service after the attack on Ft. Sumter was lost by the War Department until after the Civil War had ended.  He joined the Union army as Colonel of the unruly 21st Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment.
  • Eschewing pomp and finery, Grant often wore a privates uniform with stars of rank as the only adornment.
  • He accepted the surrender of Confederate forces under General Robert E. Lee (whom he had served with in the Mexican-American War) at Appomattox Courthouse.  He allowed Confederate soldiers to retain their personal weapons and horses if they would return home in peace.
  • Grant oversaw ratification of the 15th Amendment to the United States Constitution “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.”
  • Grant signed legislation establishing the Department of Justice, the Weather Bureau (now the National Weather Service) and Yellowstone National Park, America’s first national park.
  • During his terms of office, Grant strove to improve the living conditions of Native Americans, repair foreign relations with Great Britain, reconcile differences among the North and South, secure civil rights for all Americans, and annex (unsuccessfully) the Dominican Republic into the United States.
  • Grant is the first of only three Presidents to have graduated from the military academy – Grant (USMA – 1843), Eisenhower (USMA – 1915), Carter (USNA – 1947, accelerated to 1946)
  • Assassination attempts:  Grant had been invited to the performance at Ford’s Theatre with President Lincoln.  However, he declined so that he and his wife could visit their children in New Jersey.  John Wilkes Booth had previously stalked Julia Grant.
  • Grant is the first of only three Presidents to have graduated from the military academy – Grant (USMA – 1843), Eisenhower (USMA – 1915), Carter (USNA – 1947, accelerated to 1946)
  • He is buried beside his wife Julia in the General Grant National Memorial in Riverside Park, New York, New York; the largest mausoleum in North America. There is no “Grant’s Tomb”.
  • Hobbies:  horseback riding – he once received a speeding ticket from a Washington, D.C. police officer that didn’t recognize him
  • Famous quote: “The right of revolution is an inherent one. When people are oppressed by their government, it is a natural right they enjoy to relieve themselves of oppression, if they are strong enough, whether by withdrawal from it, or by overthrowing it and substituting a government more acceptable.” Personal Memoirs, 1885

President Ulysses S. Grant circa 1876

Presidential Trivia – William Howard Taft

Think you know a lot about the President of the United States?  Let us dig down into the dustbin of history and see what we can find.

Our candidate today is:  William Howard Taft, 27th President of the United States and later 10th Chief Justice of the United States

  • Born September 15, 1857 in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • Died March 8, 1930 (aged 72)in Washington, D.C.
  • Height: 6’2″
  • Childhood and school activities:  church; baseball; Linonian Society for literary study and debating; member of Beta chapter of the Psi Upsilon fraternity; legacy member of Skull and Bones secret society co-founded by his father; Yale’s intramural heavyweight wrestling champion
  • Education:  Graduated from Yale College (1878); Cincinnati Law School (1880)
  • Military Service:  42nd United States Secretary of War, February 1, 1904 – June 30, 1908
  • Civilian profession: Lawyer, Jurist
  • Married to Helen Louise Herron “Nellie” Taft (June 2, 1861 – May 22, 1943) on June 19, 1886, at the home of the bride’s parents in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • Children: Robert Alphonso Taft, Helen Herron Taft Manning, Charles Phelps Taft II
  • Political Party – Republican
  • Term of office:  March 4, 1909 – March 4, 1913
  • Only President to become a Chief Justice of the United States.  as Chief Justice, was the only President to swear into office another President (Calvin Coolidge in 1925 and Herbert Hoover in 1929).
  • Hand picked by President Theodore Roosevelt as his successor.  Taft easily won election against William Jennings Bryan.
  • Appointed in 1900 by President William McKinley as chairman of commission to organize civilian government in the Philippines. U.S. been ceded the islands by Spain following the Spanish–American War and the 1898 Treaty of Paris. Taft told McKinley his real ambition was to become a justice of the Supreme Court of the United States but that he would reluctantly accept the appointment.
  • Taft served as Governor-General of the Philippines from July 4, 1901 – December 23, 1903.  In 1902, he negotiated purchase of church-owned lands in the Philippines from Pope Leo XIII and the subsequent sale of those lands to the Philippine people.
  • Though elected as a Republican, Roosevelt had understood that Taft was a progressive at heart and would continue and expand on many of his policies.
  • Taft began an initiative of “Dollar Diplomacy” – send money and exert financial pressure rather than expending bullets and sending soldiers.  This was especially prevalent in relations with Central and South American countries.
  • Taft publicly endorsed Booker T. Washington’s program to uplift African-Americans.  However, he encouraged them to focus on education and entrepreneurship while avoiding participating in current politics.
  • Taft supported income taxes for corporations and individuals.  The 16th Amendment to the Constitution (allowing income taxes) passed during his administration.
  • New Mexico and Arizona were admitted to the Union while he was President.
  • As First Lady, Mrs. Taft joined with the wife of the Japanese ambassador to have 3020 Japanese cherry trees planted around Washington, D.C.
  • President Taft was the last to keep a cow at the White house; it was there to supply fresh milk.  He was the first to own an automobile.
  • In 1910, Taft became the first President to throw the first ball of a baseball season (Senators vs. Athletics 3-0).  The ball was thrown from the stands to the pitcher rather than the current mound-to-catcher method.  He is also (inaccurately) credited with beginning the tradition of the seventh-inning stretch.
  • Taft weighed 330 pounds and stood 6’2″ when he became President.  Shortly after taking office he found himself stuck in the standard-sized tub in the White House.  It took six attendants to extricate him.  A custom tub big enough for four was quickly installed.
  • As Chief Justice, Taft successfully argued that the Supreme Court needed its own building so as to distance itself from the other branches of government.  Until then the Court met in the Capitol, even in the basement.
  • William Howard Taft was the first president to be buried at Arlington National Cemetery.  His wife is interred there with him.
  • Hobbies:  golf (first President to actively participate in the sport while in office)
  • Famous quotes:

“The world is not going to be saved by legislation.”

“Presidents come and go, but the Supreme Court goes on forever.”

“Politics makes me sick.”

William Howard Taft presidential portrait

Presidential Trivia – Lyndon Baines Johnson

Think you know a lot about the President of the United States?  Let us dig down into the dustbin of history and see what we can find.

Our candidate today is:  Lyndon Baines Johnson, 36th President of the United States

  • Born: August 27, 1908 near Stonewall, Texas
  • Died: January 22, 1973 of a heart attack; he died on a plane flying to a San Antonio hospital from the same LBJ family ranch he was born on
  • Height: 6’0″
  • Childhood and school activities:  baseball, public speaking
  • Education:  Graduated from Southwest Texas State Teachers’ College in 1930, edited the college newspaper
  • Military Service:  United States Navy 1941-1942, final rank Lieutenant Commander, awarded the Silver Star
  • Civilian profession: Teacher, Congressional aide, politician
  • Married to Claudia Alta “Lady Bird” Taylor (December 22, 1912 – July 11, 2007) on November 17, 1934, at St. Mark’s Episcopal Church in San Antonio, Texas
  • The ring that LBJ gave Mrs. Johnson on their wedding day was bought at Sears for $2.50
  • Children: daughters Lynda and Luci
  • Political Party – Democrat
  • Term of office:  November 22, 1963 – January 20, 1969
  • Became Vice-President to President John F. Kennedy in a compromise to win southern “Dixie-crats” despite the acrimony with all the Kennedy family
  • As Vice-President, Kennedy kept LBJ busy making him head of the President’s Committee on Equal Employment Opportunities and as Chairman of the National Aeronautics Space Council
  • Sworn in as President aboard Air Force One in Dallas, Texas just 2 hours after the assassination of President Kennedy

Lyndon B. Johnson taking oath of office November 1963

  • President Johnson was the only President to take Oath of Office on an airplane (Air Force One)
  • He was the only President to be administered the oath by a woman (Federal Judge Sarah T. Hughes)
  • He was the only President to take the oath with a woman serving as his witness (Jacqueline Kennedy).
  • Johnson steadily escalated U.S. military involvement in Vietnam, increasing the number of American troops from 16,000 when he first took office in 1963 to over 500,000
  • Famous quote: “Just like the Alamo, somebody damn well needed to go to their aid. Well, by God, I’m going to Vietnam’s aid.”
  • Despite passing massive civil rights legislation racial unrest, riots, and violent demonstrations were commonplace throughout his presidency
  • President and Mrs. Johnson received the first Medicare cards upon his signing of the enacting legislation
  • Despite his Christian upbringing, LBJ was famous for his profanity, streams of cursing could often be heard through the oval office door during meetings
  • Not only were President Johnson’s initials LBJ, so were the initials of his wife and both daughters
  • Famous quotes:

You do not examine legislation in the light of the benefits it will convey if properly administered, but in the light of the wrongs it would do and the harms it would cause if improperly administered.

Yesterday is not ours to recover, but tomorrow is ours to win or lose.

There are no favorites in my office. I treat them all with the same general inconsideration.

The fact that a man is a newspaper reporter is evidence of some flaw of character.

The men who have guided the destiny of the United States have found the strength for their tasks by going to their knees. This private unity of public men and their God is an enduring source of reassurance for the people of America.

Official Presidential portrait of Lyndon Baines Johnson

Presidential Trivia – Herbert Hoover

Think you know a lot about the President of the United States?  Let us dig down into the dustbin of history and see what we can find.

Our candidate today is:  Herbert Clark Hoover; 31st President of the United States

  • Born: August 10, 1874 in West Branch, Iowa
  • Died: October 20, 1964 in New York City, New York
  • Height: 5’11”
  • Childhood and school activities:  Orphaned at age 12; left school at 14 to work in real estate; student manager of baseball and football teams at Stanford
  • Education:  attended Friends Pacific Academy (now George Fox University) for 2 years; graduated from Stanford University with a degree in geology – member of 1st class at Stanford University
  • Military Service:  none
  • Civilian profession:  Mining and Civil Engineer, Investor, Humanitarian
  • Married to  Lou Henry (March 29, 1974 to January 7, 1944) at her parents home in Monterey, California on February 10, 1899
  • Children: Herbert Charles Jr., Allan Henry
  • Political Party: Republican
  • Term of office: March 4, 1929 to March 4, 1933
  • Deeply involved in providing food and economic aid to countries devastated by WWI as well as evacuating Americans from the war zones.
  • Worked in and later owned gold and silver mines around the world
  • Prior government service as head of U.S. Food Administration and Secretary of Commerce.
  • Presided over the Great Depression as well as the Stock Market crash; signed Smoot-Hawley tariff Act
  • His Vice-President, Charles Curtis, was first Native American to hold the office; Kaw, Osage, and Pottawatomie ancestry
  • While in office, donated his salary to charity
  • Shortly before his death, he endorsed Barry Goldwater for President
  • Hobbies:  fishing, writing – Hoover authored several books during his lifetime including Fishing for Fun: and to Wash Your Soul
  • Famous quotes:

“We are now speeding down the road of wasteful spending and debt, and unless we can escape, we will be smashed in inflation.”

“Every time the government is forced to act, we lose something in self-reliance, character, and initiative.”

“The sole function of Government is to bring about a condition of affairs favorable to the beneficial development of private enterprise.”

“The course of unbalanced budgets is the road to ruin.”

“When there is a lack of honor in government, the morals of the whole people are poisoned.”

“It is a paradox that every dictator has climbed to power on the ladder of free speech. Immediately on attaining power each dictator has suppressed all free speech except his own.”

Presidential Trivia – Gerald Ford

Think you know a lot about the President of the United States?  Let us dig down into the dustbin of history and see what we can find.

Our candidate today is:  Gerald Rudolph “Jerry” Ford, Jr. (born Leslie Lynch King, Jr.), 38th President of the United States

  • Born July 14, 1913 in Omaha, Nebraska
  • Died December 26, 2006 in Rancho Mirage, California
  • Height: 6’0″
  • Childhood and school activities:  Boy Scout and Eagle Scout; captain of high school football team; member of the National Honor Society; member of 1932 and 1933 University of Michigan Wolverines national champion football team; member 1935 Collegiate All-Star football team
  • Education:  University of Michigan Bachelor of Arts degree in economics 1935; LL.B. and J.D. from Yale Law School 1941
  • Military Service:  United States Navy 1942-1946, final rank Lieutenant Commander
  • Civilian profession: Lawyer
  • Married to Elizabeth Ann “Betty” Bloomer (April 8, 1918 – July 8, 2011) on October 15, 1948 in Grand Rapids, Michigan
  • Children: Michael, John, Steven, Susan
  • Political Party – Republican
  • Term of office:  August 9, 1974 – January 20, 1977
  • Only President or Vice President  to never be elected.  Appointed to the Vice Presidency upon the resignation of Spiro Agnew.  Assumed the Presidency upon the resignation of Richard Nixon.
  • At the 1964 Republican National Convention, Gerald Ford put forward George Romney (father of Mitt Romney) as the Republican Presidential nominee.  Barry Goldwater won the nomination.
  • Assassination attempts:  two; follower of Charles Manson Lynette “Squeaky” Fromme on September 5, 1975, FBI informant Sara Jane Moore on September 22, 1975
  • Ford was a member of the Warren Commission investigating assassination of President Kennedy
  • Turned down contracts to play football for both the Detroit Lions and Green Bay Packers
  • Worked as a male model; his picture was featured on the cover of Cosmopolitan Magazine in 1942
  • Only President to have been a Park Ranger; served at Yellowstone
  • Hobbies:  golf, stamp collecting
  • Famous quote: “A government big enough to give you everything you want is a government big enough to take from you everything you have.”