Monthly Archives: April 2016

Lost and Found – April 30th Edition

What to remember about April 30th…

  • 1789  George Washington is inaugurated as 1st President of the United states in ceremony in New York City
  • 1803  Treaty formalizing Louisiana Purchase is signed; 828,000 square miles acquired for less than 3 cents per acre
  • 1812  Louisiana is admitted as the 18th state in the union
  • 1927  1st federal prison for women opens in Alderson, West Virginia
  • 1938  American science fiction author Larry Niven is born
  • 1939  New York Yankees 1st baseman Lou Gehrig plays his final Major League Baseball game
  • 1945  In fortified bunker under Berlin, Adolf Hitler and his new bride Eva Braun commit suicide as Allied forces close in
  • 1948  Organization of American States is formed when U.S. and 20 other nations sign agreement to resist communist expansion in the Americas
  • 1956  Former 35th Vice President of the United States Alben William Barkley dies during a speech after stating “I would rather be a servant in the House of the Lord than to sit in the seats of the mighty.” (b. 1877)
  • 1961  Soviet Union commissions the K-19; their 1st nuclear submarine equipped with nuclear missiles
  • 1975  South Vietnam surrenders as communist forces take capital of Saigon
  • 2009  Chrysler automobile company files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy

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Lost and Found – April 29th Edition

What to remember about April 29th…

  • 1776  General Nathanael Greene takes command of Continental troops to set up defenses against British attack on Long Island, New York
  • 1854  Ashmun Institute in Pennsylvania is 1st college founded solely for African-American students; named for U.S. agent that helped establish Liberia
  • 1861  Other than Delaware, Maryland is the only other slave-holding state to vote against secession
  • 1899  African-American jazz pianist, composer, and band leader Edward “Duke” Ellington is born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1974)
  • 1945  Eva Braun and Adolf Hitler are married in a bunker beneath the German chancellery as Soviet troops approach; Hitler appoints a successor
  • 1945  Dachau concentration camp is liberated by the Allies
  • 1953  3D-TV technology is tested on network television for the 1st time with a broadcast of Space Patrol
  • 1974  President Nixon announces release of transcripts of 46 taped White House conversations in response to House Judiciary committee subpoena regarding Watergate break-in investigation
  • 1975  Operation Frequent Wind begins; 1300 Americans and 5500 Vietnamese are evacuated from Saigon by helicopter as communists approach city
  • 1992  Jury in Simi Valley, California acquits 4 police officers charged with excessive force in beating of Rodney King; rioting breaks out in Los Angeles; 3-days of violence will leave 53 dead and hundreds of buildings destroyed
  • 2004  National World War II Memorial opens in Washington, D.C.
  • 2004  Last Oldsmobile rolls off assembly line after 107 years

Lost and Found – April 28th Edition

What to remember about April 28th…

  • 1758  Founding Father,  U.S. Senator, Governor of Virginia, and future 5th President James Monroe is born in Virginia (d. 1831)
  • 1788  Maryland becomes 7th state to Ratify the U.S. Constitution
  • 1789  Captain William Bligh and 18 loyal crew of HMS Bounty set adrift in small, open boat in middle of the Pacific; Fletcher Christian leads mutiny
  • 1945  Fascist dictator of Italy Benito “Il Duce” Mussolini and his mistress are caught and killed by partisans while they flee for Switzerland
  • 1952  United States ends its post-WWII occupation of Japan in accordance with 1951 Treaty of San Francisco
  • 1965  President Lyndon Johnson orders 22,000 troops to join forces from Organization of American States in installing stable government in chaotic Dominican Republic amid fears nation could go the way of Cuba
  • 1967  Muhammad Ali refuses to be drafted into the U.S. Army and is stripped of heavyweight title; cites Muslim faith in objection to service
  • 2001  American engineer Dennis Tito becomes 1st “space tourist” when he goes into orbit with Soyuz TM-32; spends 8 days aboard International Space Station for bargain price of $20 million
  • 2011  Phillip and Nancy Garrido plead guilty in kidnapping of 11-year-old Jaycee Dugard; she was held captive in their back yard for 18 years

Presidential Trivia – Ulysses S. Grant

Think you know a lot about the President of the United States?  Let us dig down into the dustbin of history and see what we can find.

Our candidate today is:  Ulysses S. Grant (born. Hiram Ulysses Grant), 18th President of the United States

  • Born April 27, 1822 in Point Pleasant, Ohio
  • Died July 23, 1885, Mount McGregor, Saratoga Springs, New York
  • Height: 5’8″
  • Childhood and school activities:  Fishing; riding and breaking horses; worked in his fathers tannery
  • Education:  United States Military Academy at West Point (Nominated by Congressman Thomas L. Hamer, the application mistakenly listed the name “Ulysses S. Grant of Ohio”. Grant opted to let the mistake go and accepted the moniker “U.S. Grant”.)
  • Military Service:  United States Navy 1839-1854, 1861-1869, final rank General of the Army
  • Civilian profession: Soldier, author
  • Married to Julia Boggs Dent (January 26, 1826 – December 14, 1902) at White Haven plantation west of St. Louis, Missouri
  • Children: Frederick Dent Grant, Ulysses S. Grant, Jr., Ellen Wrenshall Grant, Jesse Root Grant
  • Political Party – Republican
  • Term of office:  August 9, 1974 – January 20, 1977
  • At 46 years old, he was the youngest man to that time elected to the presidency.
  • Early in life his political leanings were Democrat.  However, during the Civil War, Grant became and voted Republican.
  • Having received a slave from his father-in-law, Grant freed William Jones in 1859 despite being in need of money.
  • Though rumors of drunkenness dogged his career, Grant actually suffered from debilitating migraines that often left him “hung over” and irritable.
  • Grant’s offer to return to military service after the attack on Ft. Sumter was lost by the War Department until after the Civil War had ended.  He joined the Union army as Colonel of the unruly 21st Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment.
  • Eschewing pomp and finery, Grant often wore a privates uniform with stars of rank as the only adornment.
  • He accepted the surrender of Confederate forces under General Robert E. Lee (whom he had served with in the Mexican-American War) at Appomattox Courthouse.  He allowed Confederate soldiers to retain their personal weapons and horses if they would return home in peace.
  • Grant oversaw ratification of the 15th Amendment to the United States Constitution “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.”
  • Grant signed legislation establishing the Department of Justice, the Weather Bureau (now the National Weather Service) and Yellowstone National Park, America’s first national park.
  • During his terms of office, Grant strove to improve the living conditions of Native Americans, repair foreign relations with Great Britain, reconcile differences among the North and South, secure civil rights for all Americans, and annex (unsuccessfully) the Dominican Republic into the United States.
  • Grant is the first of only three Presidents to have graduated from the military academy – Grant (USMA – 1843), Eisenhower (USMA – 1915), Carter (USNA – 1947, accelerated to 1946)
  • Assassination attempts:  Grant had been invited to the performance at Ford’s Theatre with President Lincoln.  However, he declined so that he and his wife could visit their children in New Jersey.  John Wilkes Booth had previously stalked Julia Grant.
  • Grant is the first of only three Presidents to have graduated from the military academy – Grant (USMA – 1843), Eisenhower (USMA – 1915), Carter (USNA – 1947, accelerated to 1946)
  • He is buried beside his wife Julia in the General Grant National Memorial in Riverside Park, New York, New York; the largest mausoleum in North America. There is no “Grant’s Tomb”.
  • Hobbies:  horseback riding – he once received a speeding ticket from a Washington, D.C. police officer that didn’t recognize him
  • Famous quote: “The right of revolution is an inherent one. When people are oppressed by their government, it is a natural right they enjoy to relieve themselves of oppression, if they are strong enough, whether by withdrawal from it, or by overthrowing it and substituting a government more acceptable.” Personal Memoirs, 1885

President Ulysses S. Grant circa 1876

Lost and Found – April 27th Edition

What to remember about April 27th…

  • 1773  British Parliament passes Tea Act hoping to save failing East India Company; new monopoly leads to smuggling and rebellion
  • 1791  American painter and inventor Samuel Morse is born in Massachusetts (d. 1872); creator of Morse Code and the telegraph
  • 1805  After 500 mile march from Egypt, First Lieutenant Presley O’Bannon leads U.S. Marines and mercenary allies to victory over Barbary pirates at Battle of Derna; “to the shores of Tripoli” references this day
  • 1813  American forces overcome British defenders during Battle of York in Canada; provincial capital of York (now Toronto) is captured and looted
  • 1822  Future 18th President of the United States and Civil War General Ulysses S. Grant is born in Point Pleasant, Ohio (d. 1885)
  • 1861  President Lincoln suspends writ of habeas corpus
  • 1968  Following President Johnson’s announcement that he would not seek reelection, Vice President Hubert Humphry announces his candidacy
  • 1978  Pro-communist rebels capture and kill Afghan president; government is overthrown and resulting turbulence will lead to Soviet invasion
  • 2006  Construction begins on Freedom Tower located on the former site of the World Trade Center; later renamed One World Trade Center
  • 2009  General Motors announces that it will phase out 80-year-old Pontiac brand as money-saving strategy; bankruptcy still lies ahead

Lost and Found – April 26th Edition

What to remember about April 26th…

  • 1607  English settlers land at Cape Henry, Virginia to establish Jamestown; 1st permanent English settlement in North America
  • 1865  John Wilkes Booth dies after an hours-long stand-off with Union soldiers; assassin had shot President Lincoln 12 days ago
  • 1933  Brutal secret police force of Nazi Germany is founded; the Gestapo terrorized German citizens into informing on each other
  • 1962  Failure to deploy solar panels leaves NASA’s Ranger 4 spacecraft powerless; mission ends when ship crashes on dark side of the moon
  • 1977 Infamous discotheque and nightclub Studio 54 opens its doors
  • 1986  Near Kiev in the former Soviet Union, explosions rock Chernobyl nuclear power plant; 31 die and tens-of-thousands exposed to radiation
  • 2011  Rep. Ron Paul announces that he will be seeking Republican nomination for President of the United States… again

Lost and Found – April 25th Edition

What to remember about April 25th…

  • 1846  70 U.S. cavalry troops encounter 2,000 Mexican troops that had crossed the Rio Grane into Texas; skirmish leads to Mexican-American War
  • 1859  Ground is broken for the Suez Canal; beginning at Port Said, Egypt is stretches 101 miles east to connect Mediterranean Sea to Red Sea
  • 1862  Union Admiral David Farragut demands surrender of Confederate city of New Orleans after fleet defeats forts protecting the city
  • 1915  British, French, Australian and New Zealander troops land on Gallipoli Peninsula; well prepared Turkish troops prevent Allies from advancing
  • 1939  DC Comics Batman character makes his premier appearance in Detective Comics issue #27
  • 1945  American and Soviet forces link up near Torgau; Germany now cut in two by advancing Allied forces
  • 1947  President Truman officially opens the 1st bowling alley installed in the White House
  • 1953  Francis Crick and James D. Watson publish paper describing the double helix structure of DNA; celebrated as “DNA Day”
  • 1960  U.S. Navy submarine USS Triton completes the first submerged circumnavigation of the globe
  • 1964  President Lyndon Johnson appoints controversial figure General William Westmoreland as Commander of U.S. forces in Vietnam
  • 1982  In compliance with the Camp David Accords, Israel completes its withdrawal from the Sinai peninsula
  • 1992  Radical Islamic Taliban forces take control of Kabul, Afghanistan after Soviet withdrawal and collapse of communist government
  • 2011  At least 300 killed in massive tornado outbreak across southern United States

Lost and Found – April 24th Edition

What to remember about April 24th…

  • 1781  British General Benedict Arnold leads attack on Virginia militia near Petersburg; traitor Arnold was once an American General
  • 1800  President John Adams signs legislation to appropriate $5,000 for books to establish Library of Congress
  • 1863  Union Army issues 1st code of battlefield conduct in the modern era; later used as basis for Geneva Convention
  • 1918  British Mark IV and German A7V tanks clash at Villers-Bretonneux, France; 1st armor battle in history
  • 1945  President Truman is briefed on the Manhattan Project and details of projects to develop an atomic bomb
  • 1955  Afro-Asian Conference held in Bandung, Indonesia; 29 non-aligned nations including China and India declare they will take no side in cold war; refuse to take a stand against communism and totalitarianism
  • 1967  Soviet Soyuz 1 crashes when parachute fails to open; Cosmonaut Vladimir Komarov is 1st human to die during a space mission
  • 1980  Operation Eagle Claw ends in disaster and deaths of 8 servicemen; hostages remain in hands of Iranian captors
  • 1990  On mission STS-31, Space Shuttle Discovery launches Hubble Space Telescope into orbit; initial flaws later repaired during other shuttle missions
  • 2005  Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger of Germany is inaugurated as Pope Benedict XVI; 265th Pope of the Roman Catholic Church

Lost and Found – April 23rd Edition

What to remember about April 23rd…

  • 1564  English poet and dramatist William Shakespeare is born in Stratford-on-Avon (traditional); dies on same date in 1616
  • 1778  John Paul Jones leads 30 volunteers from USS Ranger on raid of British port of Whitehaven, England; fire consumes the town in only American raid on British soil during the revolution
  • 1791  Future 15th President James Buchanan is born in Cove Gap near Mercersburg, Pennsylvania (d. 1868)
  • 1872  In Washington, D.C., Charlotte E. Ray becomes 1st African-American female lawyer admitted to the Bar
  • 1969  Palestinian immigrant Sirhan Sirhan is sentenced to death after conviction in the assassination of politician Robert F. Kennedy
  • 1985  Coca-Cola changes formula and releases New Coke; product changed back less than 3 months later after overwhelming negative response
  • 1998  Convicted assassin of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. dies in prison; James Earl Ray had confessed to the crime and then recanted
  • 2005  “Me at the zoo” is 1st video ever uploaded to YouTube

Lost and Found – April 22nd Edition

What to remember about April 22nd…

Earth Day Celebrated (United States)

  • 1861  Robert E. Lee is named commander of Confederate forces in Virginia
  • 1863  Union cavalry led by Colonel Benjamin Grierson begin daring two-week raid through central Mississippi
  • 1890  At high noon the Great Land Rush begins in Oklahoma with nearly 50,000 people hoping to grab their own parcel of land
  • 1915  German forces launch unprecedented chemical artillery attack near Ypres, France; chlorine gas devastates allied forces
  • 1948  Jewish Haganah forces win Battle of Haifa; 30-hour battle gives them control of port city and vital supply line to the West
  • 1954  Senator Joseph McCarthy begins hearings investigating the United States Army and their supposed “soft” stance on communism
  • 1970  Earth Day celebrated for 1st time in United States
  • 1978  Blues Brothers make their television debut on Saturday Night Live; Dan Aykroyd and John Belushi bring blues back into style
  • 1994  Former 37th President of the United States Richard Nixon dies after suffering a stroke (b. 1913)
  • 2000  Six-year-old Elián González is seized from his relatives’ home in Miami, Florida by federal agents; boy is sent to Cuba to live with his father
  • 2008  U.S. Air Force retires its fleet of F-117 Nighthawk stealth fighters; replaced by F-22 Raptor and upcoming F-35 Lightning II