Tag Archives: iran

Lost and Found – January 19th Edition

What to remember about January 19th…

  • 1807  Confederate commanding general Robert E. Lee born in Virginia (d. 1870); formerly superintendent of  U.S. Military Academy
  • 1809  American poet and author Edgar Allen Poe is born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1849)
  • 1861  Georgia joins other Southern states in seceding from the Union
  • 1915  German zeppelins bomb Britain; 1st major bombing of civilian targets kill 20 people
  • 1920  Despite President Wilson’s efforts, United States Senate votes against America joining the League of Nations
  • 1978  Last Volkswagen Beetle made in Germany rolls off production line; some minor production continues at South American facilities until 2003
  • 1981  Agreement is signed securing release of 52 hostages taken from American Embassy in Teheran, Iran
  • 1983  Klaus Barbie, “butcher of Lyon”and Former Nazi Gestapo chief, is arrested in Bolivia for crimes against humanity
  • 2006  NASA launches New Horizons probe; 1st mission destined to examine Pluto

herbie the love bug volkwagen beetle

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Lost and Found – January 16th Edition

What to remember about January 16th…

  • 1861  Crittenden Compromise amendments to the Constitution are defeated in the U.S. Senate ending last effort to prevent the Civil War
  • 1919  Ratification of the 19th Amendment to the Constitution is certified; era of Prohibition begins in the United States
  • 1945  Adolf Hitler moves into bunker for 105 days; Hitler will marry Eva Braun and commit suicide while underground
  • 1970  American inventor and designer Buckminster Fuller is awarded Gold Medal of the American Institute of Architects for developing the geodesic dome
  • 1979  Violent demonstrations by Islamic radicals and a possible military mutiny force Shah of Iran flees the country; eventually arrives in America
  • 1991  After U.N. deadline passes, U.S. and coalition forces launch 1st air attacks of the Persian Gulf War; ground offensive will begin February 24th
  • 2003  Space Shuttle Columbia launches on what will be her last voyage; craft will disintegrate on re-entry February 1st

Lost and Found – October 28th Edition

What to remember about October 28th…

  • 1775  British Major General Howe issues proclamation forbidding residents from leaving the city
  • 1818  Abigail Adams, First Lady and wife of President John Adams dies in Quincy, Massachusetts (b. 1744)
  • 1886  President Grover Cleveland dedicates Statue of Liberty
  • 1918  Sailors of the German High Seas Fleet mutiny instead of attack British fleet with armistice in the works
  • 1922  Benito Mussolini leads Italian fascists in March on Rome; takes over the Italian government
  • 1929  Black Monday stock market crash
  • 1962  Cuban Missile Crisis ends as Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev agrees to remove Russian missiles from the island
  • 1965  In St. Louis, Missouri the 630-foot Gateway Arch portion of the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial is completed
  • 1971  Britain launches Prospero; it is their 1st satellite
  • 2005  Iran launches its 1st satellite in joint effort with Russia

Lost and Found – July 3rd Edition

What to remember about July 3rd…

  • 1754  George Washington surrenders Fort Necessity during the French and Indian War
  • 1775  George Washington rides before troops in Cambridge, MA; takes command of the Continental Army
  • 1863  Pickett’s Charge fails;  Battle of Gettysburg ends in Confederate defeat and subsequent withdrawal; General Lee declares “It’s all my fault… Upon my shoulders rests the blame.”
  • 1890  Idaho is admitted to the union as the 43rd state
  • 1954  WWII food rationing finally ends in Britain
  • 1986  President Ronald Reagan rededicated the Statue of Liberty; in his speech he states “We are the keepers of the flame of liberty; we hold it high for the world to see.”
  • 1988  USS Vincennes mistakenly shoots down Iranian airliner over the Persian Gulf; 290 killed
  • 2012  American actor, singer and writer Andrew Samuel “Andy” Griffith dies in at home in North Carolina (b. 1926)

Lost and Found – April 24th Edition

What to remember about April 24th…

  • 1781  British General Benedict Arnold leads attack on Virginia militia near Petersburg; traitor Arnold was once an American General
  • 1800  President John Adams signs legislation to appropriate $5,000 for books to establish Library of Congress
  • 1863  Union Army issues 1st code of battlefield conduct in the modern era; later used as basis for Geneva Convention
  • 1918  British Mark IV and German A7V tanks clash at Villers-Bretonneux, France; 1st armor battle in history
  • 1945  President Truman is briefed on the Manhattan Project and details of projects to develop an atomic bomb
  • 1955  Afro-Asian Conference held in Bandung, Indonesia; 29 non-aligned nations including China and India declare they will take no side in cold war; refuse to take a stand against communism and totalitarianism
  • 1967  Soviet Soyuz 1 crashes when parachute fails to open; Cosmonaut Vladimir Komarov is 1st human to die during a space mission
  • 1980  Operation Eagle Claw ends in disaster and deaths of 8 servicemen; hostages remain in hands of Iranian captors
  • 1990  On mission STS-31, Space Shuttle Discovery launches Hubble Space Telescope into orbit; initial flaws later repaired during other shuttle missions
  • 2005  Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger of Germany is inaugurated as Pope Benedict XVI; 265th Pope of the Roman Catholic Church

Lost and Found – April 18th Edition

What to remember about April 18th…

  • 1521  Martin Luther defies Holy Roman Emperor Charles V by refusing to recant his writings during his trial for heresy
  • 1775  British troops march out of Boston to confiscate the American arsenal at Concord and to capture Patriot leaders at Lexington; Patriots Paul Revere and William Dawes set out on horseback from the city to warn Samuel Adams and John Hancock
  • 1864  Confederate troops overwhelm Union supply train guarded by all black 1st Kansas Infantry; no black soldier left alive by rebel troops
  • 1906  At 5:13 a.m., an 8.0 earthquake strikes San Francisco, California; 3000 will die in from subsequent fires and 30,000 buildings lost
  • 1912  705 survivors of lost RMS Titanic arrive back in New York
  • 1923  Yankee Stadium opens in New York City; the “house that Ruth built” will be home to the team until 2008
  • 1942  Lieutenant Colonel James “Jimmy” Doolittle leads raid 1st ever raid of Japanese mainland; 16 B-25 Mitchell bombers launched secretly from aircraft carrier USS Hornet; all bombers lost afterwards and 3 crew killed
  • 1945  Pulitzer Prize winning American war correspondent Ernie Pyle is killed by Japanese machine gun fire on Le Shima, Okinawa in the Pacific (b. 1900)
  • 1955  While preparing speech to celebrate 7th anniversary of State of Israel, German-American physicist Albert Einstein dies (b. 1879)
  • 1961  President Kennedy denies U.S. involvement in failed Bay of Pigs invasion of communist Cuba
  • 1983  Muslim homicide bomber kills 63 in attack on U.S. embassy in Beirut, Lebanon; pro-Iranian Islamic Jihad branch of Hezbollah responsible
  • 1988  In response to Iranian mining of Persian Gulf and damage to USS Roberts, U.S. Navy begins Operation Praying Mantis as retaliation
  • 2007  Supreme Court of the United States upholds Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2003 in Gonzales v. Carhart

Lost and Found – April 11th Edition

What to remember about April 11th…

  • 1803  French Foreign Minister Talleyrand offers to sell all of Louisiana Territory to the United States
  • 1814  Emperor of France Napoleon Bonaparte abdicates throne and is banished to the island of Elba as part of Treaty of Fontainebleau
  • 1862  Confederates surrender Fort Pulaski on Savannah River after Union artillery bombardment proves defenses cannot hold
  • 1945  U.S. troops liberate Buchenwald concentration camp
  • 1951  President Truman relieves General Douglas MacArthur of his command for making statements contradicting administration’s policies
  • 1970  NASA’s ill-fated Apollo 13 mission is launched from Cape Canaveral carrying James A. Lovell, John L. Swigert, and Fred W. Haise
  • 1979  Brutal Ugandan dictator Idi Amin flees country as rebels near
  • 1981  President Reagan leaves the hospital for the White House to recover from March 30th assassination attempt by John Hinckley, Jr.
  • 2006  Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad announces that his country has successfully enriched uranium

Lost and Found – February 14th Edition

What to remember about February 14th…

  • 278   Priest named Valentine is beaten to death and then beheaded for continuing to perform marriages despite Emperor Claudius II’s ban
  • 1779  Outnumbered and divided Patriots surprise Georgia loyalists at Kettle Creek; Colonel Andrew Pickens and Colonel John Dooly lead them to 1st significant victory in the colony
  • 1779  British Explorer James Cook is killed by native mob on Hawaiian Island of Kealakekua
  • 1818  American Author, abolitionist, and former slave Frederick Douglas is born in Maryland (d. 1895)
  • 1835  Joseph Smith’s Three Witnesses choose 12 men to be anointed as “apostles” creating the Quorum of Twelve of the Mormon church
  • 1859  Oregon is admitted to the Union as 33rd state
  • 1912  Arizona is admitted to the Union as 48th state
  • 1920  League of Women Voters is founded in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1929  At headquarters of Chicago gangster “Bugs” Moran, 4 men dressed as police line up 7 employees against a wall and shoot them
  • 1945  President Franklin Roosevelt meets with King Ibn Saud aboard USS Quincy to establish diplomatic ties with Saudi Arabia, secure weapons for oil agreement, and support for Jewish homeland in Palestine
  • 1979  U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan Adolph Dubs is kidnapped by muslim terrorists in Kabul; he is killed during rescue attempt
  • 1989  Iranian Ayatola issues fatwa instructing muslims to murder British author Salman Rushdie for heresy and apostacy

Lost and Found – February 11th Edition

What to remember about February 11th…

  • 1812  Massachusetts Governor Elbridge Gerry redistricts his state to favor his party; “gerrymandering” is born
  • 1847  American inventor and entrepreneur Thomas Alva Edison is born in Milan, Ohio (d. 1931) – celebrated as National Inventor’s Day
  • 1916  Anarchist, abortion proponent Emma Goldman is arrested for violating Comstock Act; mentor of Planned Parenthood founder Margaret Sanger
  • 1942  2 German battleships and a heavy cruiser escape French port and British aircraft in “channel dash” to reach a safe port
  • 1970  Japan becomes the world’s 4th “space power” with successful launch of satellite into orbit
  • 1975  Margaret Thatcher becomes 1st woman to head a political party in England when she is elected to lead the Conservatives
  • 1979  Iranian revolutionaries topple monarchy and parliament to establish theocratic Islamic Republic under Ayatollah Khomeini
  • 1990  South African civil rights activist Nelson Mandella is released after 27 years in prison
  • 2006  Vice-President Dick Cheney accidentally shoots Texas attorney Harry Whittington and wounds him while they hunt quail together
  • 2012  American singer and actress Whitney Houston dies in hotel bathtub in Beverly Hills (b. 1963)
  • 2013  Pope Benedict XVI resigns suddenly; 78-year old former Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger of Germany is 1st Pontiff to resign since 1415

margaret thatcher the iron lady

Lost and Found – February 16th Edition

What to remember about February 16th…

  • 1786  Future 5th President of the U.S. James Monroe marries Elizabeth Kortright despite her family lack of money
  • 1804  Navy Lieutenant Stephen Decatur and 80 volunteers enter Tripoli harbour in disguised vessel to board the captured USS Philadelphia; they retake and burn her to deny Muslim pirates the prize
  • 1862  General Ulysses S. Grant earns nickname “Unconditional Surrender” Grant with capture of Fort Donelson in Tennessee
  • 1920  Army Brigadier General Anna Mae Hays is born; 1st woman in the U.S. Military to be promoted to general officer rank
  • 1923  After more than 5 years searching, British archaeologist Howard Carter finally enters burial chamber of King Tutankhamen
  • 1959  Communist guerilla Fidel Castro sworn in as president of Cuba
  • 1960  Nuclear-powered submarine USS Triton leaves Groton, Connecticut to begin worlds 1st submerged circumnavigation of the globe
  • 1985  Sheik Ibrahim al-Amin issues manifesto of Hezbollah; Iranian-sponsored terrorist group is officially born after years of secrecy
  • 1997  25-year-old Jeff Gordon becomes youngest NASCAR driver to win Daytona 500 race
  • 2005  Kyoto Protocols global warming agreement goes into effect after Russian ratification puts number of signatories over the top