Tag Archives: Grenada

Lost and Found – October 25th Edition

What to remember about October 25th…

  • 1415  On St. Crispin’s Day, small force led by Henry V defeats numerically superior French army at Battle of Agincourt in Hundred Years’ War; English longbows prove highly effective
  • 1764  Future President John Adams and Abigail Smith marry in Massachusetts
  • 1774  Continental Congress petitions king of England to address the Intolerable Acts
  • 1854  Confusion leads to Charge of the Light Brigade during Crimean War; inspires Tennyson’s famous poem
  • 1861  Keel is lain for the 1st Union ironclad USS Monitor
  • 1962  U.S. Ambassador Adlai Stevenson presents photographic evidence to U.N. of Soviet missile bases in Cuba
  • 1971  United Nations votes to admit Peoples Republic of China and expel Republic of China (Taiwan)
  • 1983  President Reagan orders Marines to invade island of Grenada to protect American students and tourists; now celebrated as Thanksgiving Day
  • 1994  Susan Smith reports her car was hijacked with her 2 children in the back; this lie is to cover her murder of the kids

Advertisements

Warbirds – AH-1 Cobra ,Super Cobra, and Viper

Today’s installment of Warbirds brings us to the venerable AH-1 Cobra / Super Cobra / Viper.  This iconic helicopter saw its debut in Vietnam and still serves to this day.  The AH-1’s first flight took place on September 7th, 1965.

AH-1W wireframe

In the late 1950’s Bell Helicopter was committed to the US Army’s air cavalry concept.  With  the realization that the UH-1 “Hueys” were more vulnerable to North Vietnamese and even Viet Cong ground fire that first envisioned, it was decided that an armed escort was needed.  To fill this role some UH-1s were upgraded to carry multiple machine guns and rockets.  However, their light armor, slow speed, and open architecture meant that they were ill suited to close support and a would provide no permanent solution.

During the development of the “Huey”, Bell had begun work on designs for an attack helicopter.  The D-255 “Iroquois Warrior” was their concept mockup that led to the building of the “Sioux Scout” built on the Model 47 airframe.  It included many of the modern attack helicopter elements such as a tandem cockpit, weapons mounts on stub wings, and a chin mounted weapons system.  However, the underpowered and undersized nature of the scout was deemed to be unsuitable.  The Army decided to go with the Advanced Aerial Fire Support System (AAFSS).  10 years and millions later, the spawn of the AAFSS, the Lockheed AH-56 Cheyenne was cancelled.

AH-1 Super Cobra weapons loadout

Despite not being chosen to compete for AAFSS, Bell went ahead with their development of a new attack helicopter based on many of the tried and true components in the UH-1.  With AAFSS development proving costly and slow, the Army announced that they were looking for quick development of an interim gunship.  Presented to the Army in 1965 as the Model 209, Bell’s prototype rolled out on September 3rd and was in the air just 4 days later.  Only 7 months later the AH-1G was selected over the other competitors – the  Boeing-Vertol ACH-47A, Kaman HH-2C Tomahawk, Piasecki 16H Pathfinder, and Sikorsky S-61.

With its own increasing use of helicopters, the Marine Corps was highly interested in adding a dedicated gunship to its growing fleet of support aircraft.  The Corps, however, determined that they needed increased reliability and firepower.  Out of these requirements Bell developed a twin-engine version designated the AH-1J.  Further upgrades were ordered for future Army models that would include better avionics, more powerful engines, and integration of the TOW weapons system for greater anti-tank capability.  These would lead to upgrades and designations of AH-1F, Q, and S.

Cobra Cap

Cobras of all sorts saw over a million operational hours during Vietnam.  They would also be used in the Invasion of Grenada, Operation Just Hope, and the Invasion of Panama.  By the 90’s, the Army began its transition from the Cobra to the newer AH-64 Apache.  Though being phased out, Cobras still played a vital role in the Gulf War, Somalia, and even some humanitarian operations.  the last Army AH-1 left service in March of 1999.

AH-1 Cobra from Marine Medium Tilitorotor Squadron (VMM) 161 on flight deck of San Antonio-class amphibious transport dock ship USS Anchorage (LPD 23)

The Marine Corps was also interested in acquiring the Apache, but the request was denied by Congress.  It was felt that the cost of creating a ship-based version would be too costly and that the Marine Corps would be the only customer for such a specialized craft.  In response, a new wave of upgrades was applied to the fleet of Marine SeaCobras; turning them into SuperCobras.  models AH-1T, T+, and W would result in greater reliability, more power, integration of more advance avionics, and the capability to utilize AIM-9 Sidewinder and AGM-114 Hellfire missiles

israeli cobras over masada

By the end of the 1990’s, another denial by Congress of the Marine Corps acquisition of Apaches led to a new development wave.  Today’s AH-1Z Viper is the result.  It features a new four-blade, composite rotor system for better battle damage tolerance, reduced noise, and increased flight characteristics.  Additionally, the Viper has longer stub wings with an increased payload capacity.  And, to fully take advantage of increased force integration and communication, a fully modernized suite of avionics and electronics was included.  With these upgrades, the venerable AH-1 has continued to fill a critical vital role in both Iraq and Afghanistan during the Global War on Terror.

ah-1z viper

Over 2500 AH-1 aircraft of various models have been built since 1965.  They have seen service on battlefields around the world and with the armed forces of the US, Iran, Israel, Japan, Pakistan, Taiwan, and Turkey.  Today you will even find retired Army Cobras working in the US Forest Service and the Florida Division of Forestry for fire monitoring and suppression.

Below you can enjoy a clip of Cobras and Vipers in action.

Lost and Found – October 25th Edition

What to remember about October 25th…

  • 1415  On St. Crispin’s Day, small force led by Henry V defeats numerically superior French army at Battle of Agincourt in Hundred Years’ War; English longbows prove highly effective
  • 1764  Future President John Adams and Abigail Smith marry in Massachusetts
  • 1774  Continental Congress petitions king of England to address the Intolerable Acts
  • 1854  Confusion leads to Charge of the Light Brigade during Crimean War; inspires Tennyson’s famous poem
  • 1861  Keel is lain for the 1st Union ironclad USS Monitor
  • 1962  U.S. Ambassador Adlai Stevenson presents photographic evidence to U.N. of Soviet missile bases in Cuba
  • 1971  United Nations votes to admit Peoples Republic of China and expel Republic of China (Taiwan)
  • 1983  President Reagan orders Marines to invade island of Grenada to protect American students and tourists; now celebrated as Thanksgiving Day
  • 1994  Susan Smith reports her car was hijacked with her 2 children in the back; this lie is to cover her murder of the kids

Lost and Found – October 19th Edition

What to remember about October 19th…

  • 1781  Formal British surrender at Yorktown; Cornwallis sends his second-in-command to surrender his sword
  • 1789  John Jay is sworn in as the 1st Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
  • 1864  Union forces avert disaster after surprise Confederate attack at Battle of Cedar Creek in Virginia
  • 1935  Fascist Italy invades Ethiopia; League of Nations votes for ineffective sanctions while hoping for peace
  • 1950  Chinese Peoples Liberation Army invades Tibet to capture city of Chamdo and annex the nation
  • 1965  Thousands of North Vietnamese troops attack Camp Plei Me; a dozen Green Berets and 400 Montagnards repel attacks for almost a week
  • 1982  Automaker John DeLorean is arrested in $24 million cocaine deal
  • 1983  Prime Minister of Grenada is assassinated in military coup; President Reagan will soon dispatch 6000 troops to liberate the island
  • 1987  Black Monday; stock market loses 22% in one day; largest percentage loss in history
  • 2005  Former Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein goes on trial for crimes against humanity

Warbirds – AH-1 Cobra ,Super Cobra, and Viper

Today’s installment of Warbirds brings us to the venerable AH-1 Cobra / Super Cobra / Viper.  This iconic helicopter saw its debut in Vietnam and still serves to this day.  The AH-1’s first flight took place on September 7th, 1965.

AH-1W wireframe

In the late 1950’s Bell Helicopter was committed to the US Army’s air cavalry concept.  With  the realization that the UH-1 “Hueys” were more vulnerable to North Vietnamese and even Viet Cong ground fire that first envisioned, it was decided that an armed escort was needed.  To fill this role some UH-1s were upgraded to carry multiple machine guns and rockets.  However, their light armor, slow speed, and open architecture meant that they were ill suited to close support and a would provide no permanent solution.

During the development of the “Huey”, Bell had begun work on designs for an attack helicopter.  The D-255 “Iroquois Warrior” was their concept mockup that led to the building of the “Sioux Scout” built on the Model 47 airframe.  It included many of the modern attack helicopter elements such as a tandem cockpit, weapons mounts on stub wings, and a chin mounted weapons system.  However, the underpowered and undersized nature of the scout was deemed to be unsuitable.  The Army decided to go with the Advanced Aerial Fire Support System (AAFSS).  10 years and millions later, the spawn of the AAFSS, the Lockheed AH-56 Cheyenne was cancelled.

AH-1 Super Cobra weapons loadout

Despite not being chosen to compete for AAFSS, Bell went ahead with their development of a new attack helicopter based on many of the tried and true components in the UH-1.  With AAFSS development proving costly and slow, the Army announced that they were looking for quick development of an interim gunship.  Presented to the Army in 1965 as the Model 209, Bell’s prototype rolled out on September 3rd and was in the air just 4 days later.  Only 7 months later the AH-1G was selected over the other competitors – the  Boeing-Vertol ACH-47A, Kaman HH-2C Tomahawk, Piasecki 16H Pathfinder, and Sikorsky S-61.

With its own increasing use of helicopters, the Marine Corps was highly interested in adding a dedicated gunship to its growing fleet of support aircraft.  The Corps, however, determined that they needed increased reliability and firepower.  Out of these requirements Bell developed a twin-engine version designated the AH-1J.  Further upgrades were ordered for future Army models that would include better avionics, more powerful engines, and integration of the TOW weapons system for greater anti-tank capability.  These would lead to upgrades and designations of AH-1F, Q, and S.

Cobra Cap

Cobras of all sorts saw over a million operational hours during Vietnam.  They would also be used in the Invasion of Grenada, Operation Just Hope, and the Invasion of Panama.  By the 90’s, the Army began its transition from the Cobra to the newer AH-64 Apache.  Though being phased out, Cobras still played a vital role in the Gulf War, Somalia, and even some humanitarian operations.  the last Army AH-1 left service in March of 1999.

AH-1 Cobra from Marine Medium Tilitorotor Squadron (VMM) 161 on flight deck of San Antonio-class amphibious transport dock ship USS Anchorage (LPD 23)

The Marine Corps was also interested in acquiring the Apache, but the request was denied by Congress.  It was felt that the cost of creating a ship-based version would be too costly and that the Marine Corps would be the only customer for such a specialized craft.  In response, a new wave of upgrades was applied to the fleet of Marine SeaCobras; turning them into SuperCobras.  models AH-1T, T+, and W would result in greater reliability, more power, integration of more advance avionics, and the capability to utilize AIM-9 Sidewinder and AGM-114 Hellfire missiles

israeli cobras over masada

By the end of the 1990’s, another denial by Congress of the Marine Corps acquisition of Apaches led to a new development wave.  Today’s AH-1Z Viper is the result.  It features a new four-blade, composite rotor system for better battle damage tolerance, reduced noise, and increased flight characteristics.  Additionally, the Viper has longer stub wings with an increased payload capacity.  And, to fully take advantage of increased force integration and communication, a fully modernized suite of avionics and electronics was included.  With these upgrades, the venerable AH-1 has continued to fill a critical vital role in both Iraq and Afghanistan during the Global War on Terror.

ah-1z viper

Over 2500 AH-1 aircraft of various models have been built since 1965.  They have seen service on battlefields around the world and with the armed forces of the US, Iran, Israel, Japan, Pakistan, Taiwan, and Turkey.  Today you will even find retired Army Cobras working in the US Forest Service and the Florida Division of Forestry for fire monitoring and suppression.

Below you can enjoy a clip of Cobras and Vipers in action.

Warbirds – AH-1 Cobra ,Super Cobra, and Viper

Today’s installment of Warbirds brings us to the venerable AH-1 Cobra / Super Cobra / Viper.  This iconic helicopter saw its debut in Vietnam and still serves to this day.  The AH-1’s first flight took place on September 7th, 1965.

AH-1W wireframe

In the late 1950’s Bell Helicopter was committed to the US Army’s air cavalry concept.  With  the realization that the UH-1 “Hueys” were more vulnerable to North Vietnamese and even Viet Cong ground fire that first envisioned, it was decided that an armed escort was needed.  To fill this role some UH-1s were upgraded to carry multiple machine guns and rockets.  However, their light armor, slow speed, and open architecture meant that they were ill suited to close support and a would provide no permanent solution.

During the development of the “Huey”, Bell had begun work on designs for an attack helicopter.  The D-255 “Iroquois Warrior” was their concept mockup that led to the building of the “Sioux Scout” built on the Model 47 airframe.  It included many of the modern attack helicopter elements such as a tandem cockpit, weapons mounts on stub wings, and a chin mounted weapons system.  However, the underpowered and undersized nature of the scout was deemed to be unsuitable.  The Army decided to go with the Advanced Aerial Fire Support System (AAFSS).  10 years and millions later, the spawn of the AAFSS, the Lockheed AH-56 Cheyenne was cancelled.

AH-1 Super Cobra weapons loadout

Despite not being chosen to compete for AAFSS, Bell went ahead with their development of a new attack helicopter based on many of the tried and true components in the UH-1.  With AAFSS development proving costly and slow, the Army announced that they were looking for quick development of an interim gunship.  Presented to the Army in 1965 as the Model 209, Bell’s prototype rolled out on September 3rd and was in the air just 4 days later.  Only 7 months later the AH-1G was selected over the other competitors – the  Boeing-Vertol ACH-47A, Kaman HH-2C Tomahawk, Piasecki 16H Pathfinder, and Sikorsky S-61.

With its own increasing use of helicopters, the Marine Corps was highly interested in adding a dedicated gunship to its growing fleet of support aircraft.  The Corps, however, determined that they needed increased reliability and firepower.  Out of these requirements Bell developed a twin-engine version designated the AH-1J.  Further upgrades were ordered for future Army models that would include better avionics, more powerful engines, and integration of the TOW weapons system for greater anti-tank capability.  These would lead to upgrades and designations of AH-1F, Q, and S.

Cobra Cap

Cobras of all sorts saw over a million operational hours during Vietnam.  They would also be used in the Invasion of Grenada, Operation Just Hope, and the Invasion of Panama.  By the 90’s, the Army began its transition from the Cobra to the newer AH-64 Apache.  Though being phased out, Cobras still played a vital role in the Gulf War, Somalia, and even some humanitarian operations.  the last Army AH-1 left service in March of 1999.

AH-1 Cobra from Marine Medium Tilitorotor Squadron (VMM) 161 on flight deck of San Antonio-class amphibious transport dock ship USS Anchorage (LPD 23)

The Marine Corps was also interested in acquiring the Apache, but the request was denied by Congress.  It was felt that the cost of creating a ship-based version would be too costly and that the Marine Corps would be the only customer for such a specialized craft.  In response, a new wave of upgrades was applied to the fleet of Marine SeaCobras; turning them into SuperCobras.  models AH-1T, T+, and W would result in greater reliability, more power, integration of more advance avionics, and the capability to utilize AIM-9 Sidewinder and AGM-114 Hellfire missiles

israeli cobras over masada

By the end of the 1990’s, another denial by Congress of the Marine Corps acquisition of Apaches led to a new development wave.  Today’s AH-1Z Viper is the result.  It features a new four-blade, composite rotor system for better battle damage tolerance, reduced noise, and increased flight characteristics.  Additionally, the Viper has longer stub wings with an increased payload capacity.  And, to fully take advantage of increased force integration and communication, a fully modernized suite of avionics and electronics was included.  With these upgrades, the venerable AH-1 has continued to fill a critical vital role in both Iraq and Afghanistan during the Global War on Terror.

ah-1z viper

Over 2500 AH-1 aircraft of various models have been built since 1965.  They have seen service on battlefields around the world and with the armed forces of the US, Iran, Israel, Japan, Pakistan, Taiwan, and Turkey.  Today you will even find retired Army Cobras working in the US Forest Service and the Florida Division of Forestry for fire monitoring and suppression.

Below you can enjoy a clip of Cobras and Vipers in action.

Lost and Found – October 25th Edition

What to remember about October 25th…

  • 1415  On St. Crispin’s Day, small force led by Henry V defeats numerically superior French army at Battle of Agincourt in Hundred Years’ War; English longbows prove highly effective
  • 1764  Future President John Adams and Abigail Smith marry in Massachusetts
  • 1774  Continental Congress petitions king of England to address the Intolerable Acts
  • 1854  Confusion leads to Charge of the Light Brigade during Crimean War; inspires Tennyson’s famous poem
  • 1861  Keel is lain for the 1st Union ironclad USS Monitor
  • 1962  U.S. Ambassador Adlai Stevenson presents photographic evidence to U.N. of Soviet missile bases in Cuba
  • 1971  United Nations votes to admit Peoples Republic of China and expel Republic of China (Taiwan)
  • 1983  President Reagan orders Marines to invade island of Grenada to protect American students and tourists; now celebrated as Thanksgiving Day
  • 1994  Susan Smith reports her car was hijacked with her 2 children in the back; this lie is to cover her murder of the kids

Lost and Found – October 19th Edition

What to remember about October 19th…

  • 1781  Formal British surrender at Yorktown; Cornwallis sends his second-in-command to surrender his sword
  • 1789  John Jay is sworn in as the 1st Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
  • 1864  Union forces avert disaster after surprise Confederate attack at Battle of Cedar Creek in Virginia
  • 1935  Fascist Italy invades Ethiopia; League of Nations votes for ineffective sanctions while hoping for peace
  • 1950  Chinese Peoples Liberation Army invades Tibet to capture city of Chamdo and annex the nation
  • 1965  Thousands of North Vietnamese troops attack Camp Plei Me; a dozen Green Berets and 400 Montagnards repel attacks for almost a week
  • 1982  Automaker John DeLorean is arrested in $24 million cocaine deal
  • 1983  Prime Minister of Grenada is assassinated in military coup; President Reagan will soon dispatch 6000 troops to liberate the island
  • 1987  Black Monday; stock market loses 22% in one day; largest percentage loss in history
  • 2005  Former Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein goes on trial for crimes against humanity

Lost and Found – October 25th Edition

What to remember about October 25th…

  • 1415  On St. Crispin’s Day, small force led by Henry V defeats numerically superior French army at Battle of Agincourt in Hundred Years’ War; English longbows prove highly effective
  • 1764  Future President John Adams and Abigail Smith marry in Massachusetts
  • 1774  Continental Congress petitions king of England to address the Intolerable Acts
  • 1854  Confusion leads to Charge of the Light Brigade during Crimean War; inspires Tennyson’s famous poem
  • 1861  Keel is lain for the 1st Union ironclad USS Monitor
  • 1962  U.S. Ambassador Adlai Stevenson presents photographic evidence to U.N. of Soviet missile bases in Cuba
  • 1971  United Nations votes to admit Peoples Republic of China and expel Republic of China (Taiwan)
  • 1983  President Reagan orders Marines to invade island of Grenada to protect American students and tourists; now celebrated as Thanksgiving Day
  • 1994  Susan Smith reports her car was hijacked with her 2 children in the back; this lie is to cover her murder of the kids

Lost and Found – October 19th Edition

What to remember about October 19th…

  • 1781  Formal British surrender at Yorktown; Cornwallis sends his second-in-command to surrender his sword
  • 1789  John Jay is sworn in as the 1st Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
  • 1864  Union forces avert disaster after surprise Confederate attack at Battle of Cedar Creek in Virginia
  • 1935  Fascist Italy invades Ethiopia; League of Nations votes for ineffective sanctions while hoping for peace
  • 1950  Chinese Peoples Liberation Army invades Tibet to capture city of Chamdo and annex the nation
  • 1965  Thousands of North Vietnamese troops attack Camp Plei Me; a dozen Green Berets and 400 Montagnards repel attacks for almost a week
  • 1982  Automaker John DeLorean is arrested in $24 million cocaine deal
  • 1983  Prime Minister of Grenada is assassinated in military coup; President Reagan will soon dispatch 6000 troops to liberate the island
  • 1987  Black Monday; stock market loses 22% in one day; largest percentage loss in history
  • 2005  Former Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein goes on trial for crimes against humanity