Tag Archives: Falklands War

Warbirds – AV-8A Harrier

In honor of the Hawker Siddley Harrier’s first flight on April 1, 1969 , I present you with the latest edition of our ongoing “Warbirds” series.

The Harrier, as most people consider it, is actually a family of aircraft.  The first and only operational family of jump jets ever developed.  The main versions of the family in order of development are the Hawker Siddeley Harrier, British Aerospace Sea Harrier, Boeing/BAE Systems AV-8B Harrier II, and BAE Systems/Boeing Harrier II.  Initial work began on the series as early as 1957 in cooperation between airframe maker Hawker Aircraft and engine manufacturer Bristol Engine Company on the project P.1127.

What came from this project was a fixed-wing aircraft that absolutely embodies the spirit of aviation innovation.  First operational jump jet.  First capable of hovering.  First to fly backwards (WHAT!).

When you think of the Harrier, the first thing that comes to mind is often the Falklands War between Britain and Argentina in 1982.  Deep in the South Pacific and over 8,000 moles from home, the Harrier saw her first combat in some of the world’s worst flying conditions.  While deployed, Harriers flew over 2000 sorties – over six per aircraft per day.  though 10 Harriers of various types were lost to ground fire or mechanical failure, none were lost in air-to-air combat.

After the war, the first generation of Harriers saw continued Cold War tasking, but declining service with British and American forces.

Most of the continuing production was earmarked for export to NATO and allied countries.  But, this wasn’t because of any failings.  Rapid advances in avionics, navigation, and propulsion would give birth to a next generation of jump jet.  A new partnership between McDonnell Douglas and British Aerospace would soon bring the world the Harrier II.  These aircraft serve still today and have seen combat during the Gulf War, Yugoslavia, the Iraq War and Afghanistan.  Though slated to be replaced by the Lockheed Martin F-35B Lightning II, the Harrier II still serves the USMC, British armed forces (G-5/7/9 series), Spanish Navy, and Italian Navy.

UPDATE:  2012  America suffers greatest aircraft loss since Vietnam when Afghan terrorists breach security at Camp Bastion; destroying 6 USMC Harriers and damaging 2 more.  In addition, 2 Marines and 9 Nato personnel lost their lives.

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Lost and Found – June 14th Edition

What to remember about June 14th…

  • 1775  Continental Army created by act of the Continental Congress
  • 1777  Stars and Stripes adopted as the official flag of the United States by resolution of the Continental Congress
  • 1846  California Republic declares its independence from Mexico
  • 1864  Congress grants equal pay to colored troops; is retroactive
  • 1877  1st Fag Day holiday observed on 100th anniversary of flag
  • 1940  French government flees; German troops occupy Paris
  • 1947  Suspected UFO crashes near Roswell, New Mexico; theories persist about spaceship wreckage, alien corpses, and government cover ups
  • 1954  President Eisenhower signs bill into law adding the words “under God” to the Pledge of Allegiance
  • 1982 Great Britain accepts Argentinian surrender in Falklands War
  • 1985  Islamic terrorist members of Hamas hijack TWA Flight 847 after take off from Cairo; U.S. Navy diver executed; hostages kept for 2 weeks
  • 1995  American fiction author Roger Zelazny dies in Santa Fe, NM (b. 1937)
  • 2004  SCOTUS in 8-0 decision refuses to strike words “under God” from Pledge of Allegiance in Nedow v. United States Congress

Lost and Found – May 28th Edition

What to remember about May 28th…

  • 1754  Virginia militia led by 22-year-old Lieutenant Colonel George Washington defeats French and Indian patrol at Battle of Jumonville Glen; attempt to claim Pennsylvania territory begins French and Indian War
  • 1830  President Andrew Jackson signs Indian Removal Act; allows for relocation of Indian tribes to territory west of the Mississippi
  • 1863  Led by Colonel Robert Shaw, African-American 54th Massachusetts Infantry departs Boston to join the war
  • 1892  Naturalist and author John Muir organizes the Sierra Club in San Francisco; early environmental group aims to preserve wilderness
  • 1908  English author, Naval Intelligence Officer and creator of fictional spy character James Bond,  Ian Flemming is born (d. 1964)
  • 1918  U.S. troops under General Pershing capture village of Cantigny in France in 1st American assault; Germans retaliate with poison gas
  • 1937  State-owned German car company Volkswagen is formed
  • 1964  Charter is issued creating the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) terrorist group; renounced violence in 1993
  • 1969  After searching the captured tunnel complex, 101st Airborne troops abandon recently captured “Hamburger Hill” in the A Shau valley
  • 1982  British forces attack Argentinians at Battle of Goose Green winning 1st major ground combat of the Falklands War
  • 1987  19-year-old West German amateur pilot violates 400 miles of Soviet airspace and lands his Cessna outside the Kremlin in Moscow
  • 2002  NASA’s Mars Odyssey spacecraft discovers large deposits of ice on the surface of the planet

Lost and Found – May 25th Edition

What to remember about May 25th…

  • 1521  Holy Roman Emperor Charles V issues Edict of Worms declaring Martin Luther an outlaw
  • 1803  American author and philosopher Ralph Waldo Emerson is born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1882)
  • 1865  Ordnance depot in Mobile, Alabama explodes killing 300, sinking 2 ships, and destroying most of the northern reaches of the city
  • 1925  John T. Scopes indicted for teaching Darwin’s theory of evolution in Tennessee school
  • 1953  Shot from “Atomic Annie” gun, US conducts its only nuclear artillery test; shell is 4.5 feet long, weighed 800 lbs., and yielded 15 kilotons
  • 1961  President Kennedy announces to special joint session of the Congress his goal to initiate a project to put a “man on the Moon” before end of the decade
  • 1977  20th Century Fox releases the George Lucas film Star Wars to theaters
  • 1982  HMS Coventry is sunk in the Falklands; 3 Argentine planes lost in the attack
  • 2011  Last episode of The Oprah Winfrey Show airs; ends 25 year run

Upshot-Knothole nuclear artillery test

Lost and Found – May 21st Edition

What to remember about May 21st…

  • 1863  Confederate forces at Port Hudson, Louisiana are ordered to evacuate as Union troops approach; stubborn refusal leads to capture of all
  • 1881  Clara Barton and Adolphus Solomons found American National Red Cross to provide humanitarian aid to victims of wars and disasters
  • 1924  Chicago prodigies Leopold and Loeb kidnap and kill 14-year-old Bobby Franks for a “thrill”; thought they could commit the perfect crime
  • 1927  American aviator Charles Lindbergh lands in Paris successfully completing the first solo, nonstop transatlantic flight; trip is 33 1/2 hours
  • 1932  American aviator Amelia Earhart lands in Ireland successfully completing the 1st solo, nonstop transatlantic flight by a woman; trip is 15 hours
  • 1942  German firm IG Farben opens factory outside Auschwitz death camp to take advantage of Jewish slave labor from the camp
  • 1945  Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall marry in Ohio
  • 1979  White Night riots break out in San Francisco over light sentencing of assasin of Mayor George Moscone and Supervisor Harvey Milk
  • 1982  British forces begin amphibious invasion to retake Falkland Islands from Argentinian occupiers
  • 2010  Japanese space agency JAXA launches 1st interplanetary spacecraft equipped with a soalr-sail

Lost and Found – May 4th Edition

What to remember about May 4th…

Star Wars Day (May the fourth be with you.)

  • 1776  Rhode Island is 1st colony to declare independence
  • 1863  Though numerically superior, Union Army is forced into retreat after disastrous Battle of Chancellorsville
  • 1864  Union forces leave their winter encampments and cross the Rapidan River in Virginia to begin new phase of the war
  • 1865  President Lincoln is laid to rest in his hometown of Springfield, Illinois; body of son who died 2 years before moved and buried with him
  • 1886  Labor protest and demonstration in Haymarket Square in Chicago ends with 100 wounded and 8 dead after bomb blast and rioting
  • 1932  Notorious mobster Al Capone begins 11-year prison term for tax evasion at federal penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia
  • 1946  U.S. Marines land on Alcatraz Island to put down prison riot
  • 1961  13 “Freedom Riders” depart Washington, D.C. with plans to challenge segregation as the travel across the southern U.S.
  • 1970  4 anti-war protestors are shot and killed when National Guard troops open fire in response to rock throwing at Kent State University
  • 1979  Margaret Thatcher, the “Iron Lady”, is sworn in as Britain’s 1st female Prime Minister; responsible for dismantling socialism in the country
  • 1982  Argentinian fighters attack HMS Sheffield with sea-skimming missiles; ship is mortally wounded and 20 sailors lose their lives
  • 1989  Former White House aide Oliver North is convicted of three crimes and acquitted of nine in Iran-Contra Affair; convictions later overturned
  • 1994  Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO leader Yasser Arafat sign a peace accord granting self-rule for Palestinians in Gaza Strip and Jericho

Lost and Found – May 1st Edition

What to remember about May 1st…

International Workers Day / May Day / Law Day

  • 1863  Vastly outnumbered Confederate forces under Robert E. Lee are attacked as Battle of Chancellorsville begins in Virginia
  • 1898  Squadron of 7 U.S. warships destroy or capture 10 Spanish warships at Battle of Manilla Bay; Admiral Dewey opens city to invasion
  • 1915  RMS Lusitania departs New York City for voyage to Liverpool, England with 1959 souls aboard; vessel will never arrive at her destination
  • 1931  Empire State Building is dedicated in New York City
  • 1956  Polio vaccine is made available to the public
  • 1958  President Eisenhower declares May 1st as Law Day; day celebrates America as nation of laws in opposition to communist May Day
  • 1960  Lockheed U-2 spy plane operated by the CIA and flown by Francis Gary Powers is shot down over the Soviet Union
  • 1961  Prime Minister Fidel Castro proclaims Cuba a socialist nation and abolishes elections
  • 1963 James Whittaker becomes the 1st American to reach the summit of Mt. Everest
  • 1982  British bombers fly 8,000 miles to strike at Argentinian forces during Falklands War; Operation Black Buck begins with strike on Port Stanley
  • 1992  On 3rd day of rioting after acquittal of 4 LAPD officers, Rodney King appears at press conference and appeals to public “People, I just want to say, you know, can we all get along?”
  • 2003  President George W. Bush gives speech aircraft carrier USS Abraham Lincoln; declares that “major combat operations in Iraq have ended”
  • 2011  President Barack Hussein Obama II announces that Osama bin Laden was killed by U.S. forces in Pakistan

Lost and Found – April 2nd Edition

What to remember about April 2nd…

  • 1513  Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon comes ashore on the Florida; 1st recorded landing and exploration of the peninsula
  • 1863  Food riots break out in Confederate city of Richmond, Virginia
  • 1917  Jeannette Pickering Rankin (R-MO) becomes 1st woman to be seated as a member of the House of Representatives
  • 1917  President Wilson asks Congress for a declaration of war
  • 1979  Anthrax epidemic breaks out in Russian town killing 62; outbreak caused by human error at nearby biological weapons plant
  • 1982  Argentinian forces begin full-scale invasion of British colony on the Falkland Islands; British war response will take weeks
  • 1992  Mafia boss John “The Teflon Don” Gotti is convicted of murder and racketeering; assassin turned informant credited for conviction
  • 2005  Pope John Paul II dies (b. 1920)

how does anthrax work

Warbirds – AV-8A Harrier

In honor of the Hawker Siddley Harrier’s first flight on April 1, 1969 , I present you with the latest edition of our ongoing “Warbirds” series.

The Harrier, as most people consider it, is actually a family of aircraft.  The first and only operational family of jump jets ever developed.  The main versions of the family in order of development are the Hawker Siddeley Harrier, British Aerospace Sea Harrier, Boeing/BAE Systems AV-8B Harrier II, and BAE Systems/Boeing Harrier II.  Initial work began on the series as early as 1957 in cooperation between airframe maker Hawker Aircraft and engine manufacturer Bristol Engine Company on the project P.1127.

What came from this project was a fixed-wing aircraft that absolutely embodies the spirit of aviation innovation.  First operational jump jet.  First capable of hovering.  First to fly backwards (WHAT!).

When you think of the Harrier, the first thing that comes to mind is often the Falklands War between Britain and Argentina in 1982.  Deep in the South Pacific and over 8,000 moles from home, the Harrier saw her first combat in some of the world’s worst flying conditions.  While deployed, Harriers flew over 2000 sorties – over six per aircraft per day.  though 10 Harriers of various types were lost to ground fire or mechanical failure, none were lost in air-to-air combat.

After the war, the first generation of Harriers saw continued Cold War tasking, but declining service with British and American forces.

Most of the continuing production was earmarked for export to NATO and allied countries.  But, this wasn’t because of any failings.  Rapid advances in avionics, navigation, and propulsion would give birth to a next generation of jump jet.  A new partnership between McDonnell Douglas and British Aerospace would soon bring the world the Harrier II.  These aircraft serve still today and have seen combat during the Gulf War, Yugoslavia, the Iraq War and Afghanistan.  Though slated to be replaced by the Lockheed Martin F-35B Lightning II, the Harrier II still serves the USMC, British armed forces (G-5/7/9 series), Spanish Navy, and Italian Navy.

UPDATE:  2012  America suffers greatest aircraft loss since Vietnam when Afghan terrorists breach security at Camp Bastion; destroying 6 USMC Harriers and damaging 2 more.  In addition, 2 Marines and 9 Nato personnel lost their lives.

Lost and Found – June 14th Edition

What to remember about June 14th…

Flag Day (USA) 2015

  • 1775  Continental Army created by act of the Continental Congress
  • 1777  Stars and Stripes adopted as the official flag of the United States by resolution of the Continental Congress
  • 1846  California Republic declares its independence from Mexico
  • 1864  Congress grants equal pay to colored troops; is retroactive
  • 1877  1st Fag Day holiday observed on 100th anniversary of flag
  • 1940  French government flees; German troops occupy Paris
  • 1947  Suspected UFO crashes near Roswell, New Mexico; theories persist about spaceship wreckage, alien corpses, and government cover ups
  • 1954  President Eisenhower signs bill into law adding the words “under God” to the Pledge of Allegiance
  • 1982 Great Britain accepts Argentinian surrender in Falklands War
  • 1985  Islamic terrorist members of Hamas hijack TWA Flight 847 after take off from Cairo; U.S. Navy diver executed; hostages kept for 2 weeks
  • 1995  American fiction author Roger Zelazny dies in Santa Fe, NM (b. 1937)
  • 2004  SCOTUS in 8-0 decision refuses to strike words “under God” from Pledge of Allegiance in Nedow v. United States Congress