Tag Archives: Army

Lost and Found – February 16th Edition

What to remember about February 16th…

  • 1786  Future 5th President of the U.S. James Monroe marries Elizabeth Kortright despite her family lack of money
  • 1804  Navy Lieutenant Stephen Decatur and 80 volunteers enter Tripoli harbour in disguised vessel to board the captured USS Philadelphia; they retake and burn her to deny Muslim pirates the prize
  • 1862  General Ulysses S. Grant earns nickname “Unconditional Surrender” Grant with capture of Fort Donelson in Tennessee
  • 1920  Army Brigadier General Anna Mae Hays is born; 1st woman in the U.S. Military to be promoted to general officer rank
  • 1923  After more than 5 years searching, British archaeologist Howard Carter finally enters burial chamber of King Tutankhamen
  • 1959  Communist guerilla Fidel Castro sworn in as president of Cuba
  • 1960  Nuclear-powered submarine USS Triton leaves Groton, Connecticut to begin worlds 1st submerged circumnavigation of the globe
  • 1985  Sheik Ibrahim al-Amin issues manifesto of Hezbollah; Iranian-sponsored terrorist group is officially born after years of secrecy
  • 1997  25-year-old Jeff Gordon becomes youngest NASCAR driver to win Daytona 500 race
  • 2005  Kyoto Protocols global warming agreement goes into effect after Russian ratification puts number of signatories over the top

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Lost and Found – February 8th Edition

What to remember about February 8th…

  • 1820  Union General William Tecumseh Sherman is born (d. 1891)
  • 1837  Richard Mentor Johnson is elected by the Senate to be 9th Vice President of the United States; 1st time 12th Amendment exercised
  • 1862  Union Army secures 1st major victory of war with capture of Roanoke Island, NC ; aim to cut off Confederate access to the sea
  • 1865  Delaware voters reject ratification of 13th Amendment; choose to remain a slave state
  • 1910  Chicago W.D. Boyce returns to U.S. incorporates Boy Scouts of America after encountering “unknown scout” in London fog
  • 1918  U.S. Army begins weekly publication called Stars and Stripes; 1st seen in Civil war as newsletter to keeps troops informed
  • 1943  Allies take control of Guadal Canal after Japanese withdrawal; nearly 26,000 lost their lives in the battle for the island
  • 1971  National Association of Securities Dealers create NASDAQ, brokers decry worlds 1st electronic stock market as their spreads shrink

Lost and Found – September 24th Edition

What to remember about September 24th…

  • 622   Prophet Muhammad completes his journey of escape from Mecca to Medina ahead of threat; history of Islam begins (traditional)
  • 1780  Traitor Benedict Arnold flees to the British lines
  • 1789  Congress passes the 1st Judiciary Act; establishes the office of Attorney General and federal court system
  • 1890  Leadership of the Mormon church officially renounces polygamy
  • 1896  American novelist F. Scott Fitzgerald is born in Saint Paul, Minnesota (d. 1940)
  • 1906  President Theodore Roosevelt declares Devils Tower in Wyoming to be 1st National Monument
  • 1957  President Eisenhower sends 101st Airborne Division troops to Littlerock, Arkansas to enforce desegregation
  • 1964  Warren Commission delivers their report on the assassination of President John F. Kennedy to President Lyndon Johnson
  • 1979  Compu-Serve launches the first consumer internet service and the first public electronic mail service
  • 1991  American children’s writer Theodor “Dr. Seuss” Geisel dies (b 1904)

Lost and Found – September 21st Edition

What to remember about September 21st…

  • 1790  American General Benedict Arnold meets with British spy Major John Andre in plot to surrender West Point for money
  • 1798  American lawyer, politician, and signer of the Declaration of Independence George Read dies
  • 1823  Joseph Smith claims his 1st visitation from the Angel Moroni; leads to the writing of The Book of Mormon
  • 1937  J.R.R. Tolkien publishes The Hobbit
  • 1942  Maiden flight of the B-29 Superfortress
  • 1947  American horror author Stephen King is born
  • 1961  5th Special Forces Group (Airborne) is activated at Ft. Bragg, North Carolina; the Green Berets are born
  • 1989  Army General Colin Powell is confirmed by Senate as chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff; 1st African-American to hold the nation’s highest military post
  • 2001  America: A Tribute to Heroes benefit concert broadcast; raises $200 million for victims and families of September 11 attacks

Lost and Found – September 13th Edition

What to remember about September 13th…

  • 1814  Francis Scott Key watches 25-hour bombardment of Ft. McHenry during War of 1812; writes poem that will become “The Star Spangled Banner
  • 1851  U.S. Amy physician Major Walter Reed is born; his discovery of transmission of Yellow Fever by mosquitos allowed completion of the Panama Canal
  • 1862  Union troops discover the Confederate battle plan for Antietam in trash of an evacuated campsite; General McClellan dawdled
  • 1922  Hottest day on record when the temperature at Al ‘Aziziyah, Libya reaches 136.0 °F (57.8 °C)
  • 1959  USSR reaches on the Moon with unmanned Luna 2 spacecraft
  • 1971  Prison riot at Attica, New York ends with 39 dead
  • 1993  Representatives of Israel and Palestine meet at the White House and sign “Declaration of Principles”; 1st agreement between the 2 sides towards ending their conflict
  • 1996  Hip hop star Tupac Shakur dies in a Las Vegas drive-by shooting
  • 2001  Civilian aircraft traffic in U.S. resumes after September 11th attacks

Fort Mchenry Flag at the Smithsonian

Warbirds – B-25 Mitchell Medium Bomber

August 19th marks the anniversary of the 1940 first flight of the storied B-25 Mitchell bomber.  Named for pioneering military aviator General Billy Mitchell, nearly 10,000 of these Warbirds were built.  Variations included medium bomber, weather reconnaissance, ground attack, anti-submarine warfare, and VIP transport.

During WWII, Mitchells would see service all over the globe.  The skies over Europe, the Middle East, Italy, and the Far East would be darkened by the B-25 thousands and thousands of times.  Air Forces that would fly this aircraft would include the U.S Army, U.S. Marine Corps, U.S. Navy, British, Canadian, Australian, Dutch, Soviet, Chinese, Brazilian, and Free French.

In the war in Europe, Mitchells supported ground troops from the Battle of El Alamein to D-Day.  After the successful landings in Normandy, squadrons of B-25s would be relocated to airfields in France and Belgium to support forces as they fought towards Berlin.

But, this Warbird earned her greatest fame with the daring Doolittle Raid of Tokyo on April 18, 1942.  16 aircraft took off from the pitching and rolling deck of the USS Hornet (CV-8) over 700 miles from the Japanese mainland.  They delivered their payloads without loss and then proceeded towards China with hopes of reaching safe territory.  Running low on fuel, most of the craft ditched.  Some of the crew were killed while others were taken prisoner by the Japanese.  All were considered heroes for having taken the war to the Japanese – shattering their invincible self-image.  The story of the Doolittle raid was made into the film Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo starring Spencer Tracy, Van Johnson and Robert Mitchum.

Original footage of the 1942 Doolittle Tokyo Air Raid.

Another notable incident in the Mitchell’s history is the 1945 Empire State Building crash.  On July 28, 1945, a B-25D on a personnel run from Boston flew into the building in heavy fog.  The three crew and 11 others died in the crash.  This incident led to the decision to engineer the World Trade Center to withstand the impact of a Boeing 707.  Unfortunately, the aircraft that hit the towers on September 11, 2001 had significantly higher masses and were travelling much faster than the 1960’s simulations took into account.

Specifications, history, and details of the Doolittle Raid in this video.

Archive video footage of the Doolittle Raid.

Lost and Found – July 9th Edition

What to remember about July 9th…

  • 1776  Declaration of Independence read aloud to George Washington’s troops in New York
  • 1850  President Zachary Taylor dies unexpectedly and is succeeded by Vice President Millard Fillmore
  • 1868  14th Amendment to the United States Constitution is adopted; guarantees citizenship to African-Americans
  • 1900  Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act becomes law; will go into effect the following January 1
  • 1943  Allied forces begin invasion of Sicily; Operation Husky
  • 1945  American author Dean Koontz born in Everett, Pennsylvania
  • 1947  Florence Blanchfield is appointed lieutenant colonel in the U.S. Army; 1st American women to hold permanent military rank
  • 1956  American actor Tom Hanks born in Concord, California
  • 1971  U.S. hands responsibility for the DMZ to Vietnamese troops
  • 1981  Nintendo releases to the public its Donkey Kong video game

australian flag map

Lost and Found – June 15th Edition

What to remember about June 15th…

  • 1775  Assembly of Lower Counties of Pennsylvania declares independence from Britain forming state of Delaware
  • 1775  George Washington accepts command of Continental Army
  • 1836  Arkansas admitted to the Union as its 25th state
  • 1863  As General Lee’s Confederates move towards Washington, D.C., President Lincoln calls for 100,000 volunteers to defend the city
  • 1864  Union Army bypasses Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia to attack Petersburg; leads to the eventual fall of Richmond
  • 1877  Former slave Henry Ossian Flipper becomes 1st African-American graduate from the United States Military Academy
  • 1916  National charter signed establishing Boy Scouts of America
  • 1917  Congress passes the Espionage Act
  • 1942  Deportation of Jews from Netherlands begins; approximately 101,000 sent to death camps;  Anne Frank will be among them
  • 1944  U.S. forces begin landings for the invasion of Saipan
  • 1994  Ruth Bader Ginsburg sworn in as Supreme Court Justice

Lost and Found – June 14th Edition

What to remember about June 14th…

Flag Day (USA) 2015

  • 1775  Continental Army created by act of the Continental Congress
  • 1777  Stars and Stripes adopted as the official flag of the United States by resolution of the Continental Congress
  • 1846  California Republic declares its independence from Mexico
  • 1864  Congress grants equal pay to colored troops; is retroactive
  • 1877  1st Fag Day holiday observed on 100th anniversary of flag
  • 1940  French government flees; German troops occupy Paris
  • 1947  Suspected UFO crashes near Roswell, New Mexico; theories persist about spaceship wreckage, alien corpses, and government cover ups
  • 1954  President Eisenhower signs bill into law adding the words “under God” to the Pledge of Allegiance
  • 1982 Great Britain accepts Argentinian surrender in Falklands War
  • 1985  Islamic terrorist members of Hamas hijack TWA Flight 847 after take off from Cairo; U.S. Navy diver executed; hostages kept for 2 weeks
  • 1995  American fiction author Roger Zelazny dies in Santa Fe, NM (b. 1937)
  • 2004  SCOTUS in 8-0 decision refuses to strike words “under God” from Pledge of Allegiance in Nedow v. United States Congress

Lost and Found – June 10th Edition

What to remember about June 10th…

  • 1692  Bridget Bishop is the 1st to be hung for witchcraft in Salem, Massachusetts
  • 1752  Benjamin Franklin flies a kite during a thunderstorm
  • 1775  John Adams suggests to Continental Congress that forces surrounding Boston become Continental Army
  • 1850  Millard Fillmore sworn-in as 13th President of the United States after sudden death of President Zachary Taylor on June 9th
  • 1854  1st class graduates from United States Naval Academy
  • 1898  U.S. Marines invade Cuba unopposed and raise the American flag over Guantanamo Bay during Spanish-American War
  • 1915  Girls Scouts formed in Washington, D.C.
  • 1935  Alcoholics Anonymous founded in Akron, Ohio
  • 1943  FDR signs bill allowing tax withholding
  • 1940  Italy declares war on France and Great Britain; Norway surrenders to Germany
  • 1953  President Eisenhower rejects isolationism in speech declaring U.S. commitment to combating communism worldwide
  • 1964  Cloture invoked for 1st time on any civil rights bill; Senator Everett Dirksen (R-IL) ends 57-day filibuster by Democrats opposed to Act
  • 1967  Israel and Syria agree to a cease-fire; Six-Days War ends
  • 1977  Assassin convicted in death of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. James Earl Ray escapes from Brushy Mountain Penitentiary
  • 1988  American author of Western fiction Louis L’Amour dies(b. 1908)
  • 2003  NASA launches a Delta II rocket carrying Mars rover Spirit
  • 2004 Musician/singer/songwriter Ray Charles dies in Beverly Hills (b. 1930)