Warbirds – B-24 Liberator Heavy Bomber

December 29th marks the anniversary of the first-flight of the Consolidated B-24 Liberator.  Designed by Consolidated under the name Model 32, in 1939 the proposal was offered to the War Department as the highest flying, fastest, and most advanced heavy bomber that American forces would have at their disposal.  Though having a shorter hull and less wing area, the innovative design features of the B-24 resulted in a lighter aircraft with substantially greater carrying capacity.  Only nine months after the awarding of the contract, the first prototype took flight.

b-24 liberator line drawing

Often forgotten alongside the more famous B-17 Flying Fortress, the Liberator is still the most produced American military aircraft of all time.  More than 18,400 units were delivered by war’s end; over half coming produced at the Ford Motor Company Willow Run plant at Belleville, Michigan.  At peak, this purpose-built production plant rolled out B-24s at a rate of one per hour.  Over 1000 crewmen slept in cots at the facility just to accommodate testing and delivery of the bombers.

b-24 liberator willow run assembly line

b-24 liberator willow run assembly line final assembly

The B-24 entered service in 1941 with the British as transports and anti-submarine coastal patrols.  The first American B-24 to see action was the lone Liberator stationed at Pearl Harbor and it was destroyed on the ground during the Japanese attack December 7th, 1941.  Despite this less than heroic debut, the legacy of this aircraft is one of the most storied of WWII.  During the war, crews of the Liberators would earn every honor available to our aviators; including the awarding of several Medals of Honor.

http://youtu.be/YWOk2–CY6E

Notable crewmen on B-24s included:

  • George McGovern – pilot (Senator and Presidential candidate)
  • Jim Wright – bombardier (Congressman and Speaker of the House)
  • Stewart Udall – waist gunner (Congressman, Secretary of the Interior, author, and conservationist)
  • Jimmy Stewart – pilot, squadron commander (actor)
  • Robert Altman – co-pilot (film director)
  • Don Herbert – pilot (actor, host of TV show Ask Mr. Wizard)
  • Louis Zamperini – bombardier (Olympic runner and POW)

B-24 Liberator with Jimmy Stewart as pilot

By the end of its service life, dozens of B-24 variants flew with a whole host of nations, including:

Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Czechoslovakia, Germany (as Beuteflugzeug, captured aircraft, India, Italy, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Romania (At least three B-24Ds and one B-24J were rebuild from wrecks around Ploiesti in 1943–44.), Poland, Portugal, Soviet Union, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States

In its time, the B-24 was one of the most advanced and effective heavy bombers in the world.  Though crews (and history) seem to prefer the B-17, the lessons learned during the creation, evolution, and service of the B-24 would lead to the development of the B-32 and B-36.  These Warbirds would carry the Liberator’s legacy forward through Korea, to Vietnam, and into the height of the Cold War.  Today, only 3 of these historic bombers remain airworthy.

B-24 Liberators over Ploiesti Oil Fields 1943 low level run

B-24 Liberators over Ploiesti Oil Fields 1943

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12 responses to “Warbirds – B-24 Liberator Heavy Bomber

  1. Reblogged this on Pacific Paratrooper and commented:
    In all our discussions about the Pacific, we must never forget our flyboys!

    • Very true. My great uncle was an army doctor that worked on those flyboys. They all deserve our thanks and gratitude. I Think that the movie “Unbroken” does a commendable job at the beginning of the film showing what conditions were like on those bombers.

  2. Great post. I’m glad I found your site vis Pacific Paratrooper.

  3. A really enjoyable post about a brilliant bomber. An aircraft which is overshadowed by the B-17, but I have never been able to understand why. Great Britain would certainly have been in serious difficulties had the extreme range of the B-24 not been there to close the gap in the middle of the Atlantic, full of hitherto almost invulnerable U-boats.

  4. incredible photographs! Thank you Brad! It is so fascinating to take a look back at the war years, one cannot help but feel a sense of pride at our formidable nation the tenacity of our armed forces, may we end warring
    forever but remain proud and never forget our will to confront and overcome tyranny.

  5. Fascinating statistics and film. Enjoyed this a lot.

  6. My father was an engineer gunner on the B24.

  7. Especially enjoyed seeing and hearing the story of the assembly plant. People were serving their country in so many different ways.

  8. Fascinating history lesson!

  9. Unbelievable achievements, 18,400 built and each one under an hour over a million parts, this remarkable feat is astounding, how many men who worked on those assembly lines today, could still recall that great achievement.

  10. My very good friend Tom’s father flew as gunner with the Jolly Rogers in the SWP. He flew over 60 missions if I recall correctly.

    Unknown to many of our current citizens, the Lib carried a bigger payload that its more well known Flying Fortress…

  11. Reblogged this on quirkywritingcorner and commented:
    I liked the list of ‘notables’ who served. I knew Jimmy Stewart was in the military, but I did not know what he did.