Tag Archives: history

Lost and Found – July 26th Edition

What to remember about July 26th…

  • 1775  Congress establishes department to operate a postal system; Benjamin Franklin is the 1st Postmaster General
  • 1788  New York becomes 11th state with vote to ratify the Constitution
  • 1797  John Quincy Adams marries Louisa Johnson; she will become the 1st and only foreign-born first-lady
  • 1861  Major General George B. McClellan appointed new commander of Army of the Potomac after disastrous First Battle of Bull Run
  • 1908  Office of the Chief Examiner hires a group of investigators; in 1935 this group becomes the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
  • 1941  In response to invasion of French Indochina, President Franklin Roosevelt orders the seizure of all Japanese assets in U.S.
  • 1945  Cruiser USS Indianapolis departs carrying critical pieces for Little Boy atomic bomb that will be dropped on Hiroshima
  • 1947  President Truman signs National Security Act creating Department of Defense, National Security Council, and Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
  • 1971  Apollo 15 launches carrying the Lunar Rover
  • 1990  President George H. W. Bush signs into law the Americans with Disabilities Act
  • 2008 Islamic militants set off 21 bombs in 70 minutes in Ahmedabad, India; 56 killed and over 200 injured

Benjamin Franklin appears on the first postage stamp issued in the United States

Lost and Found – July 25th Edition

What to remember about July 25th…

  • 1780  General Horatio Gates takes command of southern Continental forces
  • 1861  Congress passes Crittendon-Johnson Resolution stating that the war is for reunion not to end slavery
  • 1866  Future president Ulysses S. Grant promoted to the rank of General of the Army; 1st to hold that rank
  • 1868  Wyoming becomes a U.S. territory
  • 1897  American author Jack London takes sail for Klondike gold rush
  • 1898  U.S. forces begin invasion of Puerto Rico during that Spanish-American War
  • 1943  Benito Mussolini voted out of power and arrested
  • 1985  American actor Rock Hudson is 1st celebrity to announce that he has AIDS
  • 1994   Israel and Jordan sign Washington Declaration formally ending the state of war begun in 1948
  • 2000  1st and only crash of a supersonic Concorde Jet

Lost and Found – July 24th Edition

What to remember about July 24th…

  • 1832  Benjamin Bonneville leads the first wagon train across the South Pass of the Rocky Mountains
  • 1847  Mormon pioneers led by Brigham Young arrive in Salt Lake Valley; celebrated as Pioneer Day in Utah
  • 1862  8th President Martin Van Buren dies in New York (b. 1782)
  • 1866  Tennessee becomes the first state to be re-admitted to the Union after the Civil War
  • 1897  American aviator Amelia Earhart is born (d. 1897)
  • 1901  American author William “O Henry” Porter is released from prison; begins writing career
  • 1911  Expedition led by American archeologist Hiram Bingham discovers ruins of Machu Pichu in Peru
  • 1943  Allied air forces begin Operation Gomorrah; at least 40,000 killed in strikes city of Hamburg, Germany, 1 million civilians flee
  • 1969  Apollo 11 astronauts splash-down safely in Pacific; returns to Earth the 1st men to Walk on the Moon
  • 1974  SCOTUS rules unanimously in United States v. Nixon that White House claims of executive privilege over Watergate tapes were void
  • 1998  WWII film Saving Private Ryan opens in theaters
  • 2002  Democrat James Traficant is expelled from U.S. House of Representatives after convictions for taking bribes, tax fraud, racketeering

Lost and Found – July 23rd Edition

What to remember about July 23rd…

  • 1793  American patriot Roger Sherman dies; only signer of  – the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution
  • 1862  Abraham Lincoln appoints Henry W. Halleck as General-in-Chief of all Union armies
  • 1885  President Ulysses S. Grant dies in New York
  • 1952  King Farouk I of Egypt overthrown in military coup led by Gamal Abdel Nasser
  • 1958  USS Nautilus sets sail from Pearl Harbor for historic first submerged voyage under the North Pole
  • 1967  Beginning with raid on illegal bar, 12th Street Riots begin in Detroit; 43 die and 2000 buildings destroyed by time the Army arrives
  • 1984  Miss America Vanessa Williams resigns title after Penthouse Magazine plans to print nude photos of her
  • 2005  Islamic Muslim Brotherhood terrorists kill 88 and wound over 200 in multiple bombings in resort town of Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt
  • 2012  Astronaut and physicist Dr. Sally Kristen Ride dies of cancer (b. 1951); 1st American woman in space

Sally Ride (Season 15, 1983)

Lost and Found – July 22nd Edition

What to remember about July 22nd…

  • 1864  Union General James McPherson killed by Confederate raiders during the Battle of Atlanta
  • 1916  Anti-war protestors bomb parade in San Francisco
  • 1933  American aviator Wiley Post completes first solo flight around the world
  • 1934  John Dillinger shot and killed leaving the Biograph Theater in Chicago by FBI agents
  • 1937  Senate rejects Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s plan to add six more justices to the Supreme Court
  • 1991  Cannibal and serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer arrested
  • 2003  Sons of former Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein, Qusay and Uday, are killed in firefight with U.S. forces
  • 2011  Anders Behring Breivik sets off bomb and goes on shooting spree in Norway killing 76

(Click the photo to get an enlarged view)

Lost and Found – July 21st Edition

What to remember about July 21st…

  • 1861  1st Battle of Bull Run begins at Manassas Junction, Virginia; Union suffers “surprising” defeat
  • 1873  Jesse James and the James-Younger Gang pull off 1st successful train robbery in the American West
  • 1918  German U-Boat opens fire on town of Orleans, Massachusetts and several nearby ships
  • 1925  “Monkey Trial” of John Thomas Scopes ends in conviction and $100 fine; Darwin’s Theory of Evolution versus creationism
  • 1944  Claus von Stauffenberg and his co-conspirators are executed one day after their failed attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler
  • 1944  U.S. invasion to recapture Guam begins; fighting will continue through to August 10
  • 1959  Boston Red Sox are final Major League Baseball team to integrate
  • 1969  American astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin become 1st humans to walk on the moon (July 20th in North America)
  • 1973  Israeli Mossad agents mistakenly kill Moroccan waiter in Norway believing him to be one of the 1972 Munich Olympic terrorists
  • 2005  Muslim terrorists attempt to detonate 4 more bombs in the London transit system (see 7/7 bombings)
  • 2007  Last book in the Harry Potter series is released
  • 2011  NASA’s Space Shuttle program comes to an end with completion of mission STS-135 and successful landing of Atlantis

space shuttle program ends

Lost and Found – July 20th Edition

What to remember about July 20th…

  • 1864  Confederates attack in Battle of Peachtree Creek outside Atlanta; fail to drive Union from river crossing
  • 1934  Teamsters violence during strike in Minneapolis leads to shooting by police; 2 strikers die and 67 wounded
  • 1938  Department of Justice files suit against motion picture studios vor violation of anti-trust laws; leads to break-up of industry in 1948
  • 1944  Claus von Stauffenberg’s plot to assassinate Hitler fails
  • 1949  Syria and Israel sign armistice; final step to ending 1948 Arab-Israeli War
  • 1951  Palestinian nationalist murders King Abdulla I of Jordan while attending Friday prayers in Jerusalem
  • 1968  1st Special Olympic Games begin in Chicago
  • 1969  Command module of Apollo 11 lands on the moon; Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin will become 1st humans to walk on Moon
  • 1973 American martial-arts film actor Bruce Lee dies (b. 1940)
  • 1979  NASA’s Viking I makes 1st landing on another planet; sends back 1st photos and data from Martian surface
  • 1993  Former Clinton White House counsel Vincent Foster found dead in Fort Marcy Park, VA of apparent suicide
  • 1997  Completely restored USS Constitution sets sail to celebrate her 200th birthday; 1st voyage in 116 years
  • 2012  Aurora, Colorado a shooter opens fire at midnight showing of new movie The Dark Night Rises ; 12 dead and 50 wounded in “gun-free zone”

Lost and Found – July 19th Edition

What to remember about July 19th…

  • 1692  Sarah Good and 4 other women hung for witchcraft after witchcraft trials in Salem, Mass.
  • 1814  American inventor and businessman Samuel Colt is born in Connecticut (d. 1862); legendary maker of firearms
  • 1848  1st women’s rights convention held near Seneca Falls, New York; Frederick Douglas attends
  • 1881  Sioux Chief Sitting Bull surrenders to U.S. Army
  • 1884  President Chester Arthur asserts power to quarantine immigrants for health reasons
  • 1943  Over 200 American bombers hit rail yards in Rome shaking the citizen’s confidence in Mussolini
  • 1963  NASA test pilot Captain Joe walker flies an X-15 experimental aircraft to 347,800 feet; qualifies as 1st human spaceflight
  • 1968  1st International Special Olympics open; games begin next day
  • 1984  Democrat Convention nominates Geraldine Ferraro for Vice President; She is the 1st woman and 1st Italian-American ever selected
  • 1985  NASA selects Christa McAuliffe for Teacher in Space Project; she will die in the 1986 crash of Space Shuttle Challenger

Lost and Found – July 18th Edition

What to remember about July 18th…

  • 64  Fire breaks out in Nero’s Rome;  city nearly destroyed
  • 1792  American Revolution War naval hero John Paul Jones dies in Paris, France (b. 1747); famously said “I have not yet begun to fight!”
  • 1863  First formal African-American Regiment 54th Massachusetts  assaults Fort Wagner, S.C.; Colonel Robert Gould Shaw killed
  • 1918  Allies counterattack during Battle of the Marne, turning point in World War I
  • 1921  American astronaut, U.S. Senator, and Marine Corps pilot John Herschel Glenn, Jr is born in Cambridge, Ohio; 1st American to orbit the Earth
  • 1924  Muslim mob murders American diplomat Robert Whitney Imbrie in Teheran, Iran (then Persia); buried at Arlington National Cemetary
  • 1925  Adolf Hitler publishes 1st volume of his personal manifesto Mein Kampf
  • 1969  Senator Edward “Ted” Kennedy drives his car off a bridge near Chappaquiddick; leaves the car and Mary Jo Kopechne drowns
  • 1994  Iranian-backed Hezbollah terrorists detonate vehicle bomb outside Jewish community center in Buenos Aires; 85 dead and hundreds wounded in retribution for Argentinian refusal to continue transferring nuclear technology

Lost and Found – July 17th Edition

What to remember about July 17th…

  • 1744  Elbridge Gerry born (d. 1814); signer of the Declaration of Independence and Vice President to James Madison; inventor of “gerrymandering” of electoral districts for political advantage
  • 1815 Napoleon Bonaparte surrenders to the British at Rochefort
  • 1938  Douglas “Wrong Way” Corrigan makes non-stop flight across the Atlantic “accidentally”
  • 1945  Potsdam Conference convenes with President Truman, Prime Minister Churchill, and Secretary Stalin; determine fate of Germany
  • 1955  Disneyland unveiled to the public; opens the next day
  • 1975  Apollo and Soyuz spacecraft launch for rendezvous to be made in orbit 2 days later; last manned spaceflight until Space Shuttle
  • 1989  1st flight of the B-2 Spirit Stealth Bomber
  • 2007  Atlanta Falcon’s football quarterback Michael Vick and 3 others indicted by federal grand jury for dog-fighting and gambling enterprise
  • 2009 Jemaah Islamiyah, an al-Qaeda-linked group detonates 2 suicide bombs in Jakarta, Indonesia; 9 killed and over 50 wounded